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Table 1 Sociodemographic, trauma, and outcome characteristics

From: Challenges in recruiting and retaining adolescents with abuse-related posttraumatic stress disorder: lessons learned from a randomized controlled trial

CharacteristicStudy populationp value
All (N = 88)Respondents (n = 51a)Non-Respondents (n = 37)
Female, No. (%)75 (85.2)46 (90.2)29 (78.4)0.12b
Age in years, M (SD)18.12 (2.24)17.96 (2.21)18.34 (2.29)0.44c
Immigration background, No. (%)23 (26.1)13 (25.5)10 (27.0)0.87b
Out-of-home placement or institutional care, No. (%)25 (28.4)14 (27.5)11 (29.7)0.82b
Support by youth welfare services, No. (%)21 (23.9)7 (13.7)14 (37.8)0.01b*
Occupation status, No. (%)
 Employed3 (3.4)2 (3.9)1 (2.7)1.00d
 Unemployed8 (9.1)4 (7.8)4 (10.8)0.63b
 In training/education72 (81.8)44 (86.3)28 (75.7)0.20b
 Other5 (5.7)1 (2.0)4 (10.8)0.16d
History of sexual abuse, No. (%)70 (77.8)39 (73.6)31 (83.8)0.40b
History of physical abuse, No. (%)72 (80.0)43 (81.1)29 (78.4)0.48b
Randomized into D-CPT, No. (%)44 (50.0)24 (47.1)20 (54.1)0.52b
 Study site Berlin13 (29.5)8 (33.3)5 (25.0)0.55b
 Study site Frankfurt17 (38.6)8 (33.3)9 (45.0)0.43b
 Study site Ingolstadt14 (31.8)8 (33.3)6 (30.0)0.81b
Interviewer-rated PTSD at baseline, CAPS-CAe, M (SD)65.57 (22.13)63.37 (20.27)68.59 (24.42)0.27c
Change of interviewer-rated PTSD from baseline to 3-month follow-up, CAPS-CAfg, M (SD)28.55 (25.22)28.73 (25.13)28.15 (26.08)0.93c
Comorbid DSM-IV disorders at baselineh, No (%)
 018 (20.5)13 (25.5)5 (13.5)0.17b
 1 or 241 (46.6)21 (41.2)20 (54.1)0.23b
 ≥ 329 (33.0)17 (33.3)12 (32.4)0.93b
Comorbid DSM-IV disorders at 3-month follow-uphi, no (%)
 021 (23.9)17 (33.3)4 (10.8)0.17b
 1 or 227 (30.7)18 (35.3)9 (24.3)0.66b
 ≥ 318 (20.5)11 (21.6)7 (18.9)0.35b
  1. CAPS-CA Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale for Children and Adolescents, D-CPT developmentally adapted cognitive processing therapy, DSM-IV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, PTSD posttraumatic stress disorder
  2. * p < 0.05
  3. aOverall number of respondents was n = 53, but for n = 2 respondents no additional study characteristics could be obtained. bCalculated from 2-sided Pearson χ2 test. cCalculated from 2-sided unpaired t test. dCalculated from 2-sided Fisher’s exact test. eScores range from 0 to 136, with higher scores indicating greater severity of symptoms. fN = 65 at 3-month follow up, with nrespondents = 45 and nnon-respondents = 20. gChange scores range from 0 to 136, with higher change scores indicating greater reduction of symptoms. hIncludes nicotine dependence and borderline personality disorder. iN = 66 at 3-month follow up, with nrespondents = 46 and nnon-respondents = 20