Skip to main content

Table 1 Comparison of characteristics of participants with and without ASD

From: School refusal and bullying in children with autism spectrum disorder

 ASD (+) n = 94 n (%)ASD (−) n = 143P value
Gender
 Boy67 (71.3)49 (34.3)< 0.001**
 Girl27 (28.7)94 (65.7) 
Age at onset of school refusal (y), mean ± SD12.6 ± 2.213.8 ± 2.1< 0.001 b
CGAS, mean ± SD43.6 ± 7.045.5 ± 7.50.036 a
Duration between onset of school refusal and the first visit to hospital (months), mean ± SD8.9 ± 14.29.6 ± 13.90.531
Having sibling
 Yes70 (74.5)115 (80.4)0.428
 No22 (23.4)28 (19.6) 
 Unknown2 (2.1)  
Parents
 Single17 (18.1)31 (21.7)0.501
 Both77 (81.9)112 (78.3) 
Taking psychotropic drugs
 Yes20 (21.3)32 (22.4)0.841
 No74 (78.7)111 (77.6) 
  1. Chi squared test, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.001
  2. Mann–Whitney test, ap < 0.05,bp < 0.001