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Table 1 Summary of participants in relation to educational outcome at T1

From: Impact of child emotional and behavioural difficulties on educational outcomes of primary school children in Ethiopia: a population-based cohort study

Characteristics at T0Child school drop-out at T1 (n = 1662)MV
Dropped out N (%)Attending N (%)
336 (20.2)1326 (79.8)
Child EBD
 High SDQ (≥ 14)21 (6.3)95 (7.2)14
 Low SDQ (< 14)311 (93.7)1222 (92.8)
Mean maternal age in years (standard deviation)34.0 (6.0)33.0 (6.0)5
Maternal literacy
 Non-literate307 (91.6)1100 (83.3)6
 Literate28 (8.4)221 (16.7)
Paternal literacy
 Non-literate148 (46.7)423 (33.3)75
 Literate169 (53.3)847 (66.7)
Marital status
 Monogamous263 (78.5)1089 (82.4)6
 Polygamous54 (16.1)182 (13.8)
 Divorced, widowed, separated18 (5.4)50 (3.8)
Had hunger in preceding month
 Yes42 (12.5)80 (6.1)6
 No293 (87.5)1241 (93.9)
Had emergency resources
 No164 (48.9)485 (36.7)6
 Yes171 (51.1)836 (63.3)
Roof material
 Thatched roof242 (72.2)809 (61.2)6
 Corrugated iron93 (27.8)512 (38.8)
Father’s khat use
 Weekly264 (83.5)976 (76.9)77
 Less than weekly52 (16.5)293 (23.1)
Father’s alcohol use
 Weekly55 (17.4)185 (14.6)77
 Less than weekly261 (82.6)1084 (85.4)
Negative life event in the last 6 months
 No life event272 (81.9)1065 (81.2)18
 1 life event48 (14.5)184 (14.0)
 2 or more12 (3.6)63 (4.8)
Maternal mental health
 SRQ score ≥ 619 (5.7)54 (4.1)6
 SRQ score < 6316 (94.3)1267 (95.9)
Childbirth order
 First26 (7.7)212 (16.0)0
 Middle or last310 (92.3)1114 (84.0)
Sex of the child
 Boy201 (59.8)670 5(0.6)0
 Girl135 (40.2)654 (49.4)
Child age mean standard deviations6.5 (0.04)6.5 (0.04)0
Child nutritional status (height for age)
 Stunted111 (33.4)297 (46.0)15
 Non-stunted221 (66.6)1018 (77.4)
  1. SDQ Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire, SRQ Self Reporting Questionnaire, MV missing value, T0 assessment time-point 0, T1 assessment time-point 1