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Table 2 Summary of participants in relation to educational outcomes at T2

From: Impact of child emotional and behavioural difficulties on educational outcomes of primary school children in Ethiopia: a population-based cohort study

Characteristics at T1Outcomes measured at T2
Child school drop-out (n = 1293)MVabsenteeism (n = 1130)MVAcademic achievement (n = 1054)MV
Dropped outAttending
N (%)N (%)Median (25th, 75th centile)Mean (SD)
153 (11.8)1140 (88.2)5 (2, 11)62.5 (9.2)
Child EBD
 SDQ score (≥ 14)11 (7.4)58 (5.2)185 (3, 12)1360.2 (6.3)9
 SDQ score < 14138 (92.6)1068 (94.8)4 (2, 11)62.6 (9.3)
Mean maternal age in years (standard deviation)33.9 (5.51)33.5 (5.45)7 2 6
Maternal literacy
 Non-literate142 (93.4)997 (88.0)85 (2, 12)662.5 (9.3)6
 Literate10 (6.6)136 (12.0)3 (3, 5)62.3 (8.6)
Paternal literacy
 Non-literate62 (42.5)400 (36.8)606 (3, 14)5261.3 (9.2)50
 Literate84 (57.5)687 (63.2)4 (1, 9)63.2 (9.2)
Marital status
 Monogamous116 (76.8)908 (81.0)215 (2, 12)1862.8 (9.3)17
 Polygamous28 (18.5)160 (14.3)4 (2, 9)61.1 (8.9)
 Divorced, widowed, separated7 (4.6)53 (4.7)4 (1, 6)62.1 (8.1)
Had hunger in preceding month
 Yes12 (7.9)50 (4.4)95 (2, 11)762.1 (7.8)7
 No140 (92.1)1082 (95.6)5 (2, 11)62.5 (9.3)
Had emergency resource
 No49 (32.2)322 (28.4)85 (2, 11)662.1 (9.1)6
 Yes103 (67.8)811 (71.6)5 (2, 11)62.7 (9.3)
Roof material
 Thatched94 (61.8)601 (53.0)86 (3, 14)662.8 (9.7)6
 Corrugated iron58 (38.2)532 (47.0)3 (1, 8)62.2 (8.7)
Father’s khat use
 Weekly104 (72.2)880 (82.7)835 (2, 12)7562.3 (9.2)58
 Less than weekly40 (27.8)184 (17.3)3.5 (0, 8)63.6 (9.5)
Father’s alcohol use
 Weekly30 (20.8)173 (16.2)853.5 (1, 7)7364.6 (9.4)60
 Less than weekly114 (79.2)893 (83.8)5 (2, 12)62.2 (9.2)
Negative life event in the last 6 months
 No life event108 (71.1)860 (75.9)85 (2, 12)662.5 (9.1)6
 1 life event31 (20.4)196 (17.3)4 (2, 9)62.8 (9.8)
 2 or more13 (8.6)77 (6.8)3 (2, 8)61.2 (8.2)
Maternal CMD
 SRQ score ≥ 620 (13.2)117 (10.3)85 (2, 11)662.0 (9.5)6
 SRQ score < 6132 (86.8)1016 (89.7)5 (2, 11)62.6 (9.2)
Childbirth order
 First16 (10.5)156 (13.8)04.5 (2, 14)062.8 (8.9)0
 Middle or last136 (89.5)977 (86.2)5 (2, 11)62.5 (9.3)
Sex of the child
 Boy85 (55.6)590 (52.0)05 (2, 12)062.6 (9.2)0
 Girl68 (44.4)544 (48.0)4 (2, 10)62.4 (9.2)
Child nutritional status
 Stunted53 (34.9)244 (21.6)115 (2, 10)962.3 (9.5)9
 Non-stunted99 (65.10886 (78.4)4.5 (2, 11)62.6 (9.2)
  1. SDQ Strength and Difficulty Questionnaire, SRQ  Self Reporting Questionnaire, MV missing value, T1 assessment time-point 1, T2 assessment time-point 2