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Table 2 Correlates of major depressive disorder

From: Depression and suicidality among adolescents living with human immunodeficiency virus in Lagos, Nigeria

Variables Current major depressive disorder Life time major depressive disorder
Yes No Total x2 p Yes No Total x2 p
Gender
 Male 15 (12.1) 109 (87.9) 124 5.348 0.021 50 (40.3) 74 (59.7) 124 2.596 0.107
 Female 19 (24.7) 58 (75.3) 77    40 (51.9) 37 (49.1) 77   
Primary care giver
 Both parent 15 (15.5) 82 (84.5) 97 0.281 0.596 39 (40.2) 58 (59.8) 97 1.583 0.208
 With one parent/others 19 (18.3) 85(81.7) 104    51 (49.0) 53 (51.0) 104   
Family type
 Monogamous 22 (16.1) 115 (83.9) 137 0.225 0.635 59 (43.1) 78 (56.9) 137 0.509 0.476
 Polygamous 12 (18.8) 52 (81.2) 64    31 (48.4) 33 (51.6) 64   
Oslo score
 Poor social support 15 (20.0) 60 (80.0) 75 3.205 0.201 40 (53.3) 35 (46.7) 75 7.060 0.029
 Moderate social support 16 (18.6) 70 (81.4) 86    39 (45.3) 47 (54.7) 86   
 Strong social support 3 (7.5) 37 (92.5) 40    11 (27.5) 29 (72.5) 40   
ACE score
 High 16 (28.1) 41 (71.9) 67 7.044 0.008 32 (56.1) 25 (43.9) 67 4.155 0.042
 Low 18 (12.5) 26 (87.5) 144    58 (40.3) 86 (59.7) 144   
Physical abuse
 Yes 27 (18.2) 121 (81.8) 148 0.704 0.401 74 (50.0) 74 (50.0) 148 6.194 0.013
 No 7 (13.2) 46 (86.8) 53     16 (30.2) 37 (69.8) 53  
Emotional abuse
 Yes 23 (20.0) 92 (80.0) 115 1.82 0.177 58 (50.4) 57 (49.6) 115 3.481 0.062
 No 11 (12.8) 75 (87.2) 86    32 (37.2) 54 (62.7) 86   
Route of infection
 Birth 28 (16.0) 147 (84.0) 175 0.807 0.369 73 (41.7) 102 (58.3) 175 5.129 0.024
 Other 6 (23.1) 20 (76.9) 26    17 (65.4) 9 (34.6) 26   
Family member loss due to HIV
 Yes 7 (14.6) 41 (85.4) 48 0.244 0.621 27 (56.2) 21 (43.8) 48 3.357 0.067
 No 27 (17.6) 126 (82.4) 153    63 (41.2) 90 (58.8) 153   
Careful to disclose status
 Yes 28 (15.8) 149 (84.2) 177 1.267 0.260 74 (41.8) 103 (58.2) 177 5.282 0.022
 No 6 (25.0) 18 (75.0) 24    16 (66.7) 8 (33.3) 24   
Change CD4 count N = 145
 Increased 7 (8.5) 75 (91.5) 82 5.388 0.020 32 (39.0) 50 (61.0) 82 0.431 0.511
 Decreased 14 (22.2) 49 (77.8) 63    28 (44.4) 35 (55.6) 63   
  1. Significant values in italic
  2. x2, chi-square; p, significant value