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Table 2 Background characteristics and prevalence of psychosocial distress among in-school adolescents in Mozambique

From: Psychosocial distress among in-school adolescents in Mozambique: a cross-sectional study using the Global School-Based Health Survey data

Variables N = 1918 Psychosocial distress Chi square (X2) (p-value)
Frequency Percentage (%) No (78.8%) Yes (21.2%)
Age      5.9 (0.016)
 11–14 560 29.2 84.16 15.84  
 15–18 1358 70.8 76.58 23.42  
Sex      4.9 (0.034)
 Female 938 48.89 75.95 24.05  
 Male 980 51.11 81.51 18.49  
Grade      4.9 (0.300)
 8th class 569 29.65 79.90 20.10  
 9th class 472 24.61 81.67 18.33  
 10th class 517 26.96 76.41 23.59  
 11th class 199 10.36 77.67 22.33  
 12th class 162 8.42 75.49 24.51  
Hungry      12.5 (< 0.001)
 No 1708 89.07 79.64 20.36  
 Yes 210 10.93 71.91 28.09  
Bullied      26.1 (< 0.001)
 No 1145 59.70 83.81 16.19  
 Yes 773 40.30 71.37 28.63  
Physical fight      33.0(< 0.001)
 No 1277 66.59 81.63 18.37  
 Yes 641 33.41 73.13 26.87  
Alcohol      0.01 (0.929)
 No 1716 89.46 79.25 20.75  
 Yes 202 10.54 74.94 25.06  
Smoking      5.2 (0.023)
 No 1868 97.42 79.14 20.86  
 Yes 50 2.58 65.56 34.44  
Physically Attacked     48.6 (< 0.001)
 No 1259 65.62 82.99 17.01  
 Yes 659 34.38 70.78 29.22  
Physical activity      4.8 (0.028)
 Less than 4 days 1523 79.40 79.48 20.52  
 4+ 395 20.60 76.14 23.86  
Truancy      6.6 (0.010)
 No 1456 75.93 80.63 19.37  
 Yes 462 24.07 73.00 27.00  
Close Friends      28.5 (< 0.001)
 0 291 15.2 62.87 37.13  
 1+ 1627 84.8 81.64 18.36  
Peers support     6.2 (0.013)
 No 1308 68.21 77.69 22.31  
 Yes 610 31.79 81.15 18.85  
Parents checking Homework     0.1 (0.725)
 No 1032 53.79 78.23 21.77  
 Yes 886 46.21 79.45 20.55  
Parents’ understanding of problems and worries    4.8 (0.028)
 No 1052 54.86 78.09 21.91  
 Yes 866 45.14 79.65 20.35  
Free-time      0.087 (0.767)
 No 1182 61.61 78.88 21.12  
 Yes 736 38.39 78.65 21.35