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Table 1 Demographic characteristics of severe anaemia and control study children

From: Socio-emotional and adaptive behaviour in children treated for severe anaemia at Lira Regional Referral Hospital, Uganda: a prospective cohort study

Characteristic Severe anaemia (n = 171) Community children (n = 88) P value
Age in years, mean (SD) 1.88 (0.94) 2.07 (0.96) 0.129
Female sex, n (%) 75 (43.9) 47 (53.4) 0.145
Nutritional status indicatorsa
 Underweight (WAZ < -2 SD) n (%) 10(6.2) 13 (14.9) 0.023*
 Stunting (HAZ < -2 SD) n (%) 15(11.9) 10 (11.8) 0.975
 Wasting (WHZ < -2 SD) n (%) 11(8.3) 12 (14.0) 0.284
Social economic status wealth indices, n (%)    0.048*
 Poor 44 (25.7) 10 (11.4)  
 Second 30 (17.5) 21 (23.9)  
 Middle class 31 (18.1) 24 (27.3)  
 Fourth 36 (21.1) 20 (22.7)  
 Wealthy 30 (17.5) 13 (14.8)  
Maternal education level, n (%)    0.038*
 Primary or less 151 (88.3) 69 (78.4)  
 Secondary 15 (8.7) 14 (16.0)  
 Tertiary 5 (3.0) 5 (5.6)  
Paternal education level, n (%)    0.036*
 Primary or less 120 (70.2) 48 (54.5)  
 Secondary 26 (15.2) 14 (16)  
 Tertiary 25 (14.6) 26 (29.5)  
Maternal employment n (%)    0.153
 Yes 20 (11.7) 16 (18.2)  
 No 151 (88.3) 72 (81.8)  
Paternal employment n (%)    0.039*
 Yes 74 (43.3) 50 (56.8)  
 No 97 (56.7) 38 (43.2)  
  1. aThe number of children assessed differed from the total number of children WAZ (n = 249); HAZ (n = 211); WHZ (n = 218)
  2. *P ≤ 0.05 is statistically significant