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Table 4 Summary of multiple linear regressions for variables predicting CBCL internalizing and externalizing scores

From: Gender differences in externalizing and internalizing problems in Singaporean children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

Variables CBCL internalizing score CBCL externalizing score
B SE β B SE β
Gendera − 1.38 2.01 − 0.06 5.53 2.72 0.17*
Age 0.49 0.21 0.14* 0.20 0.28 0.04
Gender × age interaction − 0.52 1.85 − 0.03 − 3.09 2.52 − 0.12
Mother’s educationb − 1.22 0.79 − 0.08 − 0.11 1.08 − 0.01
Father’s educationb − 1.04 0.79 − 0.07 − 3.43 1.08 − 0.17**
Financial problemsc 2.46 1.24 0.09* − 0.01 1.68 0.00
Psychological aggression between spousesd 0.59 0.37 0.07 1.41 0.51 0.13**
Physical punishmente 1.21 0.45 0.12** 2.38 0.61 0.18**
Family member(s) seen a psychiatrist beforef − 1.87 1.01 − 0.08 − 2.12 1.37 − 0.07
R2   0.09    0.11  
F   5.29**    6.26**  
  1. B = unstandardized beta coefficient, SE = standard error, β = standardised beta coefficient
  2. *p < 0.05
  3. **p < 0.01
  4. aCoded as 0 = female, 1 = male
  5. bCoded as 0 = secondary education or below, 1 = post-secondary education or above
  6. cCoded as 0 = no financial problems, 1 = experienced financial problems before
  7. dCoded as 0 = no psychological aggression between spouse, 1 to 5 = 1 point for the presence of each of the following, yelling, insulting, crying, threatening to injure spouse and refusing to talk
  8. eCoded as 0 = no physical punishment in disciplining, 1 = spank or hit with an object, 2 = spank and hit with an object
  9. fCoded as 0 = no one in the family has ever seen a psychiatrist, 1 = at least one family member has seen a psychiatrist