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Table 2 Association between child maltreatment, mental health and executive functions

From: Child maltreatment, cognitive functions and the mediating role of mental health problems among maltreated children and adolescents in Uganda

  B SE of B β t 95% CI
LCI UCI
Mental health problemsa
 Age − 0.017 0.061 − 0.032 − 0.285 − 0.138 0.103
 Education in years 0.112 0.080 0.155 1.392 − 0.047 0.270
 Trauma 0.276 0.059 0.292 4.715*** 0.161 0.392
 Maltreatment 0.074 0.015 0.297 4.828*** 0.044 0.104
Executive functionsb
 Age 0.436 0.282 0.179 1.550 − 0.119 0.991
 Education in years − 0.366 0.371 − 0.114 − 0.987 − 1.097 0.365
 Trauma 0.427 0.271 0.101 1.577 − 0.106 0.960
 Maltreatment − 0.541 0.071 − 0.487 − 7.657*** − 0.680 − 0.402
Mediation model
 Executive functionsc
  Age 0.439 0.282 0.180 1.556 − 0.117 0.995
  Education in years − 0.383 0.373 − 0.119 − 1.027 − 1.119 0.352
  Trauma 0.385 0.284 0.091 1.354 − 0.175 0.944
  Maltreatmentd − 0.552 0.074 − 0.497 − 7.428*** − 0.698 − 0.405
  Mental health problems 0.152 0.308 0.034 0.494 − 0.455 0.759
  B SE of B β Z LCI UCI
Indirect effecte
 Maltreatment → mental health problems 0.011 0.023 0.001 0.481 − 0.036 0.059
  1. B unstandardized regression weight, SE standard error, β standardized regression weight, t t-test statistic, CI confidence interval at 0.05 level of significance ***p  <  0.001
  2. aAdj. R2 = 0.257; F (4225) = 20.759, p < 0.001
  3. bAdj. R2 = 0.205; F (4225) = 15.799, p < 0.001
  4. cAdj. R2 = 0.203; F (5224) = 12.646, p < 0.001
  5. dTotal effect of maltreatment on executive functions: B = − 0.541, SE of B:0.071, β = − 0.498, t = − 7.657***, LCI: − 0.680, UCI: − 0.402
  6. eSobel test result for indirect effect of maltreatment on executive functions via the mediator mental health problems