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Table 5 Maternal character traits predicting child internalizing problems in the total population and boys and girls respectively. Linear regression

From: Maternal temperament and character: associations to child behavior at the age of 3 years

  Total population Boys Girls
Adjusted B (95.0 % CI) p-value Adjusted B
(95.0 % CI)
p-value Adjusted B
(95.0 % CI)
p-value
Maternal character trait      
Self-directedness (SD) − 0.17 (− 0.23– − 0.12) < 0.001 − 0.19 (− 0.27– − 0.11) < 0.001 − 0.17 (− 0.25– − 0.09) < 0.001
 EPDS 0.68 (0.02–1.34) 0.045 − 0.36 (− 1.30–0.59) 0.456 1.79 (0.87–2.71) < 0.001
 Life events 1.72 (0.93–2.51) < 0.001 2.92 (1.89–3.95) < 0.001 − 0.14 (− 1.38–1.10) 0.827
 Divorce − 0.29 (− 0.97–0.39) 0.397 − 0.04 (− 0.99–0.90) 0.930 − 0.63 (− 1.60–0.34) 0.203
 Unemployment 1.27 (0.59–1.94) < 0.001 0.97 (0.08–1.86) 0.034 1.76 (0.72–2.80) 0.001
 Parental immigration 0.29 (− 0.44–1.01) 0.439 0.31 (− 0.60–1.22) 0.503 0.34 (− 0.89–1.56) 0.590
Cooperativeness (CO) − 0.18 (− 0.25– − 0.11) < 0.001 − 0.16 (− 0.26– − 0.06) 0.001 − 0.20 (− 0.30– − 0.11) < 0.001
 EPDS 1.12 (0.48–1.75) 0.001 0.26 (− 0.64–1.16) 0.576 2.09 (1.19–2.98) < 0.001
 Life events 1.83 (1.03–2.62) < 0.001 2.98 (1.95–4.02) < 0.001 0.01 (− 1.22–1.25) 0.983
 Divorce − 0.30 (− 0.98–0.38) 0.386 − 0.12 (− 1.07–0.83) 0.801 − 0.56 (− 1.53–0.42) 0.263
 Unemployment 1.34 (0.66–2.02) < 0.001 1.00 (0.10–1.90) 0.029 1.91 (0.87–2.96) < 0.001
 Parental immigration 0.41 (− 0.31–1.14) 0.264 0.40 (− 0.52–1.32) 0.392 0.51 (− 0.71–1.73) 0.410
Self− transcendence (ST) − 0.01 (− 0.07–0.06) 0.820 0.08 (− 0.08–0.10) 0.859 − 0.01 (− 0.10–0.08) 0.791
 EPDS 1.27 (0.63–1.92) < 0.001 0.37 (− 0.54–1.27) 0.430 2.28 (1.37–3.18) < 0.001
 Life events 1.79 (0.99–2.60) < 0.001 2.95 (1.90–4.00) < 0.001 − 0.02 (− 1.28–1.25) 0.977
 Divorce − 0.51 (− 1.20–0.17) 0.140 − 0.29 (− 1.25–0.66) 0.545 − 0.82 (− 1.80–0.16) 0.101
 Unemployment 1.28 (0.60–1.97) < 0.001 0.97 (0.07–1.88) 0.035 1.79 (0.74–2.84) 0.001
 Parental immigration 0.43 (− 0,31–1.17) 0.250 0.39 (− 0.55–1.33) 0.414 0.57 (− 0.66–1.81) 0.362
  1. CI confidence interval, EPDS  Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Multivariate linear regression. Dependent variables: CBCL internalizing scores. Independent variables: Maternal character traits, EPDS, life events, divorce, unemployment, parental immigration status