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Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics, children and parents at baseline

From: A randomised controlled trial of a family-group cognitive-behavioural (FGCB) preventive intervention for the children of parents with depression: short-term effects on symptoms and possible mechanisms

  EG CG Total p-value
Children n = 50 n = 50 N = 100  
 Age, mean (SD) 11.73 (2.79) 12.04 (2.89) 11.89 (2.83) 0.596
 Gender (%) female 55.1 52.0 53.5 0.760
 IQ, mean (SD) 103.81 (14.21) 109.08 (13.18) 106.5 (13.88) 0.060
 Siblings (%) 77.8 72.7 75.3 0.958
School type (%)a     
 Primary school 31.0 34.1 32.5 0.822
 Hauptschule 4.8 2.4 3.8
 Realschule 14.3 9.8 12.0
 Gymnasium 47.6 51.2 49.4 0.839
Parents n = 50 n = 50 N = 100  
 Age, mean (SD) 45.15 (5.80) 47.10 (7.01) 46.06 (6.43) 0.157
 Gender (%) female 60.0 62.7 61.4 0.684
 Highest level of education (%)     0.143
 High school 14.0 18.2 15.8  
 A-levels 23.3 30.3 26.3  
 University 46.5 51.5 48.7  
 Doctoral degree 16.3 0 9.2  
 Family income (%)     0.704
 – 2000 € /month 10.3 12.5 11.3  
 2000–3000 €/month 17.9 18.8 18.3  
 3000–4000 €/month 15.4 18.8 16.9  
 4000–5000 €/month 30.8 25.0 28.2  
 > 5000 €/month 25.6 25.0 25.4  
 Depressive symptoms (BDI-II) 16.7 (10.04) 17.7 (12.29) 17.20 (11.10) 0.620
 Currently depressed (%) 58.0 56.9 57.4 0.421
Treatment experience (%)     
 Psychotherapy 92.3 94.3 93.2 0.504
 Psychopharmaceuticals 82.1 69.7 76.4 0.165
  1. aGerman secondary schools are categorised into three levels based on achievement at the end of primary school (increasing with grades): Hauptschule, Realschule or Gymnasium
  2. BDI-II Beck’s depression inventory