Skip to main content

Table 3 Statistical comparison of outcome variables (raw means, SD) at baseline and post-assessment

From: A randomised controlled trial of a family-group cognitive-behavioural (FGCB) preventive intervention for the children of parents with depression: short-term effects on symptoms and possible mechanisms

  Baseline Post-assessment Intervention effects (group x time effect)
EG CG EG CG F df p \(\eta_{p}^{2}\)
Main outcome variables
 Depressive symptoms 8.24 (5.60) 7.49 (3.91) 8.28 (6.45) 5.67 (4.05) 2.49 1, 98 0.118 0.02
 Internalising symptoms (self-report) 9.99 (7.34) 7.96 (5.34) 7.95 (6.90) 8.02 (5.24) 5.42 1, 98 0.022 0.05
 Externalising symptoms (self-report) 9.03 (5.29) 8.73 (5.76) 7.82 (5.84) 10.42 (4.97) 8.44 1, 98 0.005 0.08
 Depression/anxiety (self-report) 4.98 (3.18) 3.51 (2.56) 3.03 (3.97) 4.43 (3.12) 8.54 1,98 0.004 0.08
 Internalising symptoms (parent-report) 9.01 (6.15) 8.97 (5.45) 7.22 (7.51) 8.14 (5.49) 0.76 1, 98 0.384 0.001
 Externalising symptoms (parent-report) 7.17 (5.35) 6.34 (5.61) 5.59 (5.43) 4.41 (3.68) 0.88 1, 98 0.767 0.001
 Depression/anxiety (parent-report) 4.48 (3.60) 4.06 (3.14) 3.46 (3.92) 3.71 (2.83) 0.96 1, 98 0.328 0.001
Potential mechanisms
 Adaptive ER 128.46 (26.91) 133.73 (26.37) 122.71 (35.34) 136.23 (24.45) 1.89 1, 98 0.172 0.002
 Maladaptive ER 71.22 (13.02) 68.34 (14.21) 70.61 (14.15) 70.14 (11.08) 0.76 1, 98 0.383 0.001
 Positive attributional style 66.06 (9.27) 65.66 (9.67) 69.21 (8.52) 70.03 (6.98) 0.51 1, 98 0.477 0.005
 Negative attributional style 59.66 (9.49) 58.78 (10.83) 65.94 (8.57) 63.69 (8.08) 0.54 1, 98 0.465 0.005
 Positive parenting 75.00 (9.48) 69.57 (10.21) 74.22 (12.68) 71.22 (11.40) 0.96 1, 98 0.330 0.010
 Negative parenting 67.19 (12.52) 67.05 (9.63) 63.67 (10.41) 66.63 (7.52) 1.86 1, 98 0.175 0.019
 Knowledge of depression 33.36 (4.26) 32.03 (2.99) 35.79 (2.40) 34.74 (2.98) 0.14 1, 98 0.704 0.001
Potential moderator         
 Parental depression 16.70 (9.84) 17.76 (11.25) 11.96 (8.98) 13.92 (7.99) 0.17 1, 98 0.677 0.002
  1. ASF Attributionsstil-Fragebogen für Kinder und Jugendliche, BDI-II Beck’s Depression Inventory, CBCL Child Behaviour Checklist, DIKJ Depressions-Inventar für Kinder und Jugendliche, ER Emotion Regulation, ESI Erziehungsstil-Inventar, FEEL-KJ Fragebogen zur Erhebung der Emotionsregulation bei Kindern und Jugendlichen, YSR Youth Self-Report