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Table 2 Correlations among study variables at the baseline (T1) and COVID-19 outbreak (T2)

From: Adolescents amid the COVID-19 pandemic: a prospective study of psychological functioning

  M (SD) γ1/γ2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
1 Prosocial behavior T1 7.14 (2.00) − 0.55/− 0.16 1          
2 Hyperactivity/inattention T1 3.39 (2.07) 0.43/− 0.27 − 0.247*** 1         
3 Emotional symptoms T1 2.86 (2.29) 0.72/− 0.17 0.039 0.308*** 1        
4 Conduct problems T1 2.53 (1.53) 0.75/0.52 − 0.209*** 0.400*** 0.183** 1       
5 Peer relationship problems T1 2.27 (1.84) 0.97/0.63 − 0.250*** 0.148** 0.335*** 0.207*** 1      
6 Resilience T1 56.11 (10.18) − 0.44/0.08 0.301*** − 0.334*** − 0.418*** − 0.216*** − 0.290*** 1     
7 Prosocial behavior T2 6.94 (2.12) − 0.66/0.30 0.528*** − 0.152** − 0.002 − 0.092 − 0.196*** 0.095 1    
8 Hyperactivity/inattention T2 3.84 (2.24) 0.36/− 0.22 − 0.109* 0.568*** 0.205*** 0.295*** 0.020 − 0.243*** − 0.107 1   
9 Emotional symptoms T2 3.27 (2.47) 0.51/− 0.61 0.045 0.209*** 0.626*** 0.120* 0.169** − 0.312*** 0.117* 0.290*** 1  
10 Conduct problems T2 2.49 (1.57) 0.75/0.43 − 0.115* 0.287*** 0.168** 0.488*** 0.167** − 0.124* − 0.152** 0.355*** 0.200*** 1
11 Peer relationship problems T2 2.33 (1.77) 0.62/− 0.14 − 0.236*** 0.162** 0.295*** 0.081 0.463*** − 0.241*** − 0.274*** 0.087 0.370*** 0.213***
  1. M mean; SD standard deviation; γ1 skewness; γ2 kurtosis
  2. *p  <  0.05; **p  <  0.01; ***p  <  0.001