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Table 2 Results of Paired t-test and Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test Examining the Change in Symptoms

From: Overcoming barriers to mental health care: multimodal trauma-focused treatment approach for unaccompanied refugee minors

Questionnaire n M SD df t p Cohen’s d Z p
PHQ-A pre 12 10.35 7.17 10 0.68 0.51 0.20 − 0.59 0.56
PHQ-A post 12 8.82 8.49       
CRIES-13 pre 17 42.59 12.13 16 5.43  < 0.001* 1.32 − 3.62  < 0.001*
CRIES-13 post 17 19.93 19.13       
  1. CRIES-13 Children’s Revised Impact of Events Scale, PHQ-A Patient Health Questionnaire for Adolescents, RCI Reliable Change Index
  2. *p < 0.01