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Table 1 Sample characteristics (excluding ages 0–1 years old) according to strengths and difficulties questionnaire scores (SDQ)

From: Association between psychosocial functioning, health status and healthcare access of asylum seekers and refugee children: a population-based cross-sectional study in a German federal state

   SDQ Total Difficulties score
  n (%) mean (sd) Median (IQR or range§)
Sex (missings = 5)
 Male 37 (43.5) 12.56 (7.32) 12.00 (8.13)
 Female 48 (56.5) 11.87 (5.57) 12.00 (5.45)
Age categories
 1–4 years old 32 (35.6) 11.19 (5.47) 10.58 (7.92)
 5–9 years old 22 (24.4) 13.57 (5.75) 13.17 (7.82)
 10–17 years old 36 (40.0) 12.01 (7.10) 12.00 (6.00)
Region of origin (missings = 10)
 Eastern Europe 5 (6.3) 13.13 (4.77) 13.00 (7.67)
 Southern Europe 3 (3.3) 14.00 (3.50) 13.00 (6.78§)
 Western Asia 31 (34.4) 11.74 (5.77) 10.58 (5.58)
 Southern Asia 22 (24.4) 11.06 (5.69) 12.00 (7.93)
 Western Africa 11 (12.2) 10.13 (5.74) 10.58 (11.27)
 Central Africa 2 (2.2) 11.96 (1.95) 11.96 (2.75§)
 Other 6 (6.7) 14.24 (8.64) 14.50 (13.82)
Time since arrival (missings = 11)
 Less than a year 35 (44.3) 13.16 (6.47) 11.43 (8.33)
 More than a year 44 (55.7) 11.15 (6.10) 11.79 (6.00)
Accommodation type
 GU 73 (81.1) 11.82 (5.79) 11.58 (5.95)
 LEA 17 (18.9) 13.28 (7.99) 13.00 (8.24)
How many times has your child been transferred between different cities or towns in Germany? (missings = 10)
 None 22 (27.5) 12.02 (5.96) 11.29 (7.93)
 Once 23 (28.7) 14.74 (6.73) 14.00 (6.89)
 Twice or more 35 (43.8) 11.05 (5.89) 10.58 (8.33)
Parental Subjective Social Status in country of origin (missings = 26)
 Low 27 (42.2) 12.57 (7.00) 12.00 (7.79)
 Medium 19 (21.1) 13.27 (5.64) 12.00 (7.89)
 High 18 (20.0) 10.83 (3.67) 11.29 (5.50)
Parental Subjective Social Status in Germany (missings = 28)
 Low 47 (75.8) 12.88 (6.07) 13.00 (7.58)
 Medium 12 (19.4) 11.63 (5.69) 11.35 (4.25)
 High 3 (4.8) 10.00 (3.33) 10.00 (3.33)
  1. SDQ Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaires, sd standard deviation, IQR Interquartile Range, GU Gemeinschaftsunterkünfte (Shared accommodation), LEA Aufnahmeeinrichtung (Reception centre)