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Table 2 Normal, Borderline and Abnormal range scores in the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in the sample and in Germany [26]*

From: Association between psychosocial functioning, health status and healthcare access of asylum seekers and refugee children: a population-based cross-sectional study in a German federal state

  Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire   
  Normal range Borderline range Abnormal range Cronbach Alpha
Sample
(n = 90, ages 1-17 years)
Germany*
(n = 930, ages 6–16 years)
Sample Germany Sample Germany Sample Germany
n (%) % n (%) % n (%) %   
Total Difficulties score§ 52 (57.8) 81.6 18 (20.0) 8.4 20 (22.2) 10.0 0.75¥ 0.82
Emotional symptoms§ 56 (62.2) 86.0 4 (4.4) 6.3 30 (33.3) 7.7 0.73 0.66
Conduct problems 80 (88.9) 84.7 2 (2.2) 8.7 8 (8.9) 6.6 0.34 0.60
Peer problems§ 55 (61.1) 86.7 12 (13.3) 6.3 23 (25.6) 7.0 0.18 0.58
Hyperactivity/Inattention§ 68 (75.6) 85.3 14 (15.6) 4.9 8 (8.9) 9.8 0.48 0.76
Prosocial behaviour 80 (88.9) 84.4 2 (2.2) 8.5 8 (8.9) 7.1 0.55 0.68
  1. *Woerner et al. (2002)
  2. ¥ item 22 removed (reliability computed for 19 items in the Total Difficulties score)
  3. §Proportions are significantly different across the 3 groups (normal, borderline, abnormal, p < 0.05 for chi-square goodness of fit) between the sample and Germany for the Total Difficulties score, the Emotional symptoms, Peer problems and Hyperactivity dimensions