Skip to main content

Table 3 Coping style and mobile phone addiction: Univariate analysis of variance for moderator variables (categorical variables)

From: The correlation between mobile phone addiction and coping style among Chinese adolescents: a meta-analysis

Moderators Between-group effect (QBET) k N r 95%CI Homogeneity test within each group (QW) I2
Positive coping style        
Participants type 0.50       
 Middle school students   6 3635 0.01 [− 0.10, 0.12] 48.96*** 89.8
 Vocational college students   3 3392  − 0.02 [− 0.15, 0.11] 26.26*** 92.4
 Undergraduate   18 10,105  − 0.03 [− 0.07, 0.01] 64.73*** 73.7
Proportion of women 0.67       
 ≥ 0.6   12 6800  − 0.04 [− 0.08, 0.01] 40.24*** 72.7
 < 0.6   15 10,736  − 0.01 [− 0.06, 0.05] 99.16*** 85.9
Publication type 13.89***       
 Journal   19 13,716  − 0.05 [− 0.09, − 0.02] 82.73*** 78.2
 Dissertation   8 3820 0.07 [0.02, 0.12] 17.66* 60.4
MPA measurement 14.60**       
 MPATS   9 5773  − 0.03 [− 0.10, 0.04] 44.87*** 82.2
 MPAI   12 8372 0.02 [− 0.03, 0.06] 43.37*** 74.6
 SAS-C   1 1041  − 0.13 [− 0.19, − 0.07] 0.00 N/A
 Others   5 2350  − 0.06 [− 0.17, 0.04] 24.88*** 83.9
CS measurement 0.36       0.28
 CSQ   6 2649  − 0.04 [− 0.14, 0.05] 29.90*** 83.3
 SCSQ   15 10,851  − 0.01 [− 0.06, 0.03] 68.53*** 79.6
 Others   6 3632  − 0.01 [− 0.10, 0.09] 40.68*** 87.7
Negative coping style        
Participants type 1.82       
 Middle school students   5 3076 0.31 [0.25, 0.36] 9.55* 58.1
 Vocational college students   4 4039 0.19 [− 0.10, 0.49] 230.15*** 98.7
 Undergraduate   22 12,314 0.35 [0.29, 0.41] 215.06*** 90.2
Proportion of women 0.01       
 ≥ 0.6   16 9009 0.32 [0.28, 0.36] 49.41*** 69.6
 < 0.6   16 11,024 0.32 [0.22, 0.42] 422.08*** 96.4
Publication type 0.13       
 Journal   22 14,853 0.31 [0.27, 0.36] 147.13*** 85.7
 Dissertation   10 5180 0.34 [0.18, 0.51] 326.61*** 97.2
MPA measurement 3.69       
 MPATS   10 6132 0.30 [0.16, 0.44] 240.01*** 96.3
 MPAI   14 8976 0.34 [0.25, 0.43] 212.90*** 93.9
 SAS-C   3 2021 0.37 [0.32, 0.41] 0.00 N/A
 Others   5 2904 0.29 [0.22, 0.36] 13.28* 69.9
CS measurement 6.51*       
 CSQ   7 3053 0.21 [0.04, 0.39] 144.03*** 95.8
 SCSQ   20 13,664 0.37 [0.31, 0.44] 246.85*** 92.3
 Others   5 3316 0.27 [0.20, 0.34] 14.62** 72.6
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001