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Table 1 Participant characteristics by group

From: Differential associations of conduct disorder, callous-unemotional traits and irritability with outcome expectations and values regarding the consequences of aggression

  CD TD F (1,192) p value Correlation with ARI Correlation with ICU Steiger's Z p value
Mean SD Mean SD
Age 15.77 1.77 13.71 2.47 41.57  < 0.001 0.18* 0.31** − 1.74  = 0.08
IQ 100.30 11.92 108.4 12.31 21.32  < 0.001 − 0.11 − 0.17* 0.79  = 0.43
ARI 3.64 3.53 0.98 1.34 50.06  < 0.001 0.43**   
ICU 25.46 8.03 15.51 6.61 77.81  < 0.001 0.43**   
SDQ-CP 6.74 1.96 0.33 0.66 897.70  < 0.001 0.47** 0.51** − 0.65  = 0.51
RPQ Total score 12.04 7.73 4.43 3.11 80.97  < 0.001 0.74** 0.58** 3.17  = 0.002
RPQ-Reactive 9.12 5.52 4.10 2.82 63.82  < 0.001 0.73** 0.52** 4.03  < 0.001
RPQ-Proactive 2.96 2.97 0.37 0.80 70.97  < 0.001 0.58** 0.56** 0.27  = 0.79
Conners (ADHD) 8.75 6.11 0.45 1.78 177.33  < 0.001 0.37** 0.36** 0.14  = 0.89
Sex 0.64 0.48 0.53 0.50 2.62  = 0.11 − 0.11 0.19* − 3.84  < 0.001
CD 87 0 0.46** 0.56** − 1.64  = 0.10
ODD 75 0 0.52** 0.54** − 0.33  = 0.37
ADHD 64 0 0.45** 0.42** 0.46  = 0.64
MDD 20 0 0.43** 0.41** 0.37  = 0.71
GAD 30 0 0.43** 0.35** 1.20  = 0.23
Antipsychotic 6 0 0.09 0.28** − 2.56  = 0.01
Stimulant 18 0 0.21** 0.13 1.02  = 0.31
SSRI 15 0 0.22** 0.21** 0.17  = 0.86
  1. CD Conduct Disorder, TD Typically developing, SD Standard deviation, ARI Affective Reactivity Index (raw score), ICU Inventory of Callous Unemotional Traits (raw score), SDQ-CP Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire—conduct problems subscale, RPQ Reactive-Proactive Questionnaire, ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, MDD Major Depressive Disorder, GAD Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  2. *significant at p < 0.05, **significant at p < 0.001