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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and descriptive statistics

From: Meeting the 24-h movement guidelines and health-related outcomes among youth with autism spectrum disorder: a seven-country observational study

Characteristics Overallb (n = 1,165) Brazil (n = 228) Finland (n = 278) Hong Kong (n = 96) Mainland China (n = 186) Singapore (n = 89) South Korea (n = 202) US (n = 86)
Age, year (10–17)a 13.08 (2.18) 13.01 (2.09) 13.34 (2.06) 13.50 (2.50) 12.43 (2.15) 13.20 (2.62) 13.01 (2.06) 13.34 (2.01)
Gender
 Male 881 (75.6%) 199 (87.3%) 185 (66.5%) 85 (88.5%) 153 (82.3%) 71 (79.8%) 125 (61.9%) 63 (73.3%)
 Female 284 (24.4%) 29 (12.7%) 93 (33.5%) 11 (11.5%) 33 (17.7%) 18 (20.2%) 77 (38.1%) 23 (26.7%)
Severity level of ASD
 Mild 568 (48.8%) 132 (57.9%) 140 (50.4%) 67 (69.8%) 54 (29.0%) 46 (51.7%) 92 (45.5%) 37 (43.0%)
 Moderate or severe 597 (51.2%) 96 (42.1%) 138 (49.6%) 29 (30.2%) 132 (71.0%) 43 (48.3%) 110 (54.5%) 49 (57.0%)
Physical activity guideline
 Yes 84 (7.2%) 9 (3.9%) 26 (9.4%) 6 (6.3%) 28 (15.1%) 7 (7.9%) 3 (1.5%) 5 (5.8%)
Screen time guideline
 Yes 540 (46.4%) 46 (20.2%) 77 (27.7%) 43 (44.8%) 143 (76.9%) 39 (43.8%) 164 (81.2%) 28 (32.6%)
Sleep guideline
 Yes 651 (55.9%) 139 (61.0%) 189 (68.0%) 48 (50%) 84 (45.2%) 39 (43.8%) 104 (51.5%) 48 (55.8%)
Number of guidelines meet
 None 251 (21.5%) 64 (28.1%) 63 (22.7%) 26 (27.1%) 22 (11.8%) 30 (33.7%) 21 (10.4%) 25 (29.1%)
 One of three 576 (49.4%) 137 (60.1%) 146 (52.5%) 43 (44.8%) 83 (44.6%) 35 (39.3%) 91 (45.0%) 41 (47.7%)
 Two of three 315 (27.0%) 24 (10.5%) 61 (21.9%) 27 (28.1%) 71 (38.2%) 22 (24.7%) 90 (44.6%) 20 (23.3%)
 All three 23 (2.0%) 3 (1.3%) 8 (2.9%) 0 (0%) 10 (5.4%) 2 (2.2%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%)
 BMI z-score 0.60 (1.38) 0.90 (1.35) 0.50 (1.42) 0.56 (1.26) 0.53 (1.48) 0.24 (1.59) 0.60 (1.06) 0.71 (1.53)
Body weight status
 Underweight 76 (6.5%) 9 (3.9%) 20 (7.2%) 4 (4.2%) 17 (9.1%) 13 (14.6%) 3 (1.5%) 10 (11.6%)
 Normal weight 611 (52.4%) 97 (42.5%) 152 (54.7%) 50 (52.1%) 88 (47.3%) 47 (52.8%) 142 (70.3%) 35 (40.7%)
 Overweight 194 (16.7%) 50 (21.9%) 37 (13.3%) 21 (21.9%) 38 (20.4%) 11 (12.4%) 24 (11.9%) 13 (15.1%)
 Obesity 284 (24.4%) 72 (31.6%) 69 (24.8%) 21 (21.9%) 43 (23.1%) 18 (20.2%) 33 (16.3%) 28 (32.6%)
General health (1–5)a 3.27 (0.97) 3.66 (0.93) 3.28 (0.94) 2.92 (0.88) 2.56 (0.89) 3.26 (0.95) 3.51 (0.77) 3.57 (0.91)
Quality of life (1–5)a 3.33 (0.93) 3.50 (1.00) 3.29 (0.94) 3.43 (0.95) 3.22 (0.92) 3.54 (0.88) 3.03 (0.78) 3.59 (0.83)
  1. ASD: autism spectrum disorder; BMI: body mass index
  2. aPossible range
  3. bValues are mean (SD) or n (%)