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Table 2 Associations between meeting movement guidelines and health-related outcomes

From: Meeting the 24-h movement guidelines and health-related outcomes among youth with autism spectrum disorder: a seven-country observational study

  BMI z-score General health Quality of life
B (95%CI) P B (95%CI) P B (95%CI) P
Number of guidelines (n)
None (251) 0.63 (0.05,1.22) 0.04 − 0.45 (− 0.83, − 0.06) 0.02 − 0.46 (− 0.85,− 0.07) 0.02
One of three (576) 0.55 (− 0.03, 1.12) 0.06 − 0.24 (− 0.61, 0.14) 0.22 − 0.36 (− 0.74, 0.02) 0.06
Two of three (315) 0.46 (− 0.12, 1.04) 0.12 − 0.16 (− 0.54, 0.22) 0.41 − 0.15 (− 0.53, 0.24) 0.46
All three (23) Reference   Reference   Reference  
Trend analysis − 0.11 (− 0.22, − 0.004) 0.04 0.14 (0.07, 0.21)  < 0.001 0.16 (0.09, 0.23)  < 0.001
R2 3.9%   16.8%   6.3%  
Specific combinations of guidelines (n)
None (251) 0.62 (0.03, 1.21) 0.04 − 0.46 (− 0.84, − 0.08) 0.02 − 0.47 (− 0.86, − 0.08) 0.02
Physical activity only (17) 0.18 (− 0.68, 1.04) 0.68 0.29 (− 0.27, 0.85) 0.30 − 0.62 (− 1.19, − 0.05) 0.03
Sleep only (336) 0.51 (− 0.07, 1.10) 0.09 − 0.31 (− 0.69, 0.07) 0.11 − 0.38 (− 0.77, 0.01) 0.054
Sedentary time only (223) 0.60 (0.01, 1.19) 0.047 − 0.19 (− 0.57, 0.20) 0.34 − 0.33 (− 0.73, 0.06) 0.10
Physical activity + sleep only (21) 0.85 (0.05, 1.66) 0.04 0.29 (− 0.24, 0.82) 0.28 − 0.10 (− 0.64, 0.44) 0.72
Physical activity + sedentary time only (23) 0.70 (− 0.09, 1.49) 0.08 0.11 (− 0.40, 0.63) 0.66 0.05 (− 0.48, 0.57) 0.87
Sleep + sedentary time only (271) 0.40 (− 0.18, 0.99) 0.18 − 0.22 (− 0.61, 0.16) 0.25 − 0.17 (− 0.56, 0.22) 0.39
All three (23) Reference   Reference   Reference  
R2 4.3%   18.1%   6.5%  
  1. ASD: autism spectrum disorder; BMI: body mass index; B: unstandardized coefficients; CI: confidence interval
  2. All models are adjusted for country, age, gender, and severity level of ASD. Statistically significant associations (P < 0.05) are highlighted in bold