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Table 2 Comparisons of Psychosocial Correlates of Risk Group and Control Group at Time 1 in 1994

From: Continuity, psychosocial correlates, and outcome of problematic substance use from adolescence to young adulthood in a community sample

  Problematic Substance Use Group Control Group  
  Total (N = 30) Total (N = 563) F
  Mean SD Mean SD (df = 1)
Number of Live Events 7.27 3.69 4.36 2.97 19.22***
Life Events Impact -8.21 5.32 -4.75 4.34 14.60***
Active Coping 5.06 1.37 4.90 2.20 0.00
Avoidant Coping 2.82 1.21 2.71 2.22 0.79
Self-Esteem 25.78 5.33 26.84 5.71 1.64
Self-Awareness 21.70 5.93 18.70 6.69 3.74
Maternal Acceptance 25.00 6.28 28.40 5.59 9.81**
Maternal Rejection 8.50 5.19 6.61 4.38 8.74**
Maternal Control 12.00 3.37 11.23 3.51 2.75
Paternal Acceptance 26.92 18.03 26.64 7.12 0.04
Paternal Rejection 9.41 14.10 6.66 5.27 6.13*
Paternal Control 10.18 9.16 10.31 4.00 0.00
Competition at School 1.44 0.65 1.18 0.73 4.78*
Controlling Teachers 1.99 0.60 1.58 0.72 11.80**
Possibilities to Participate 2.50 0.75 2.66 0.74 2.74
Performance Stress 1.67 0.84 1.24 0.78 3.48
Peer Acceptance 2.92 0.58 2.79 0.71 0.20
Size of Social Network 21.09 5.57 20.60 6.09 0.13
Efficiency of Social Network 21.90 3.30 22.63 3.17 0.37
  1. Group effect: Wilks Lambda = 0.91; F = 3.12; df = 19/571; p < 0.001
  2. *p < .05 **p < .01 ***p < .001