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Table 2 Groups with significant differences in psychopathological, behavioral and family adjustment scores, by father's combat exposure

From: Psychopathological status, behavior problems, and family adjustment of Kuwaiti children whose fathers were involved in the first gulf war

Variables Military status or combat exposure of fathers: Mean (SD), DF = 3/351
  Retired (1) (N = 93) Active-in Army (2) (N = 86) In- battle (3) (N = 85) POWs (4) (N = 91) F P Significantly different groups Effect size (95% C.I.)
Rutter statements on behavior 5.7 (5.4) 5.4 (5.0) 5.6 (4.7) 7.5 (5.5) 3.5 0.025 4 > 2 0.40 (0.1–0.69)
CBI – Depression 5.7 (4.9) 6.8 (5.1) 5.0 (3.3) 7.4 (5.2) 4.9 0.003 4 > 1; 4 > 3 0.34 (0.04–0.63);0.54 (0.24–0.85)
CBI – prosocial 16.3 (5.7) 15.1 (7.2) 14.5 (4.5) 17.3 (5.4) 4.2 0.006 4 > 3 0.56 (0.26–0.86)
FAD subscales (N = 133) (N = 45) (N = 51) (N = 52)    DF = 3/277  
FAD problem 1.9 (0.5) 2.0 (0.4) 2.2 (0.3) 1.9 (0.3) 5.1 0.002 3 > 1 0.66 (0.33–0.99)
FAD communication 2.2 (0.4) 2.3 (0.4) 2.4 (0.3) 2.3 (0.3) 5.7 0.001 3 > 1 0.53 (0.20–0.86)
FAD Roles 2.4 (0.4) 2.5 (0.2) 2.4 (0.4) 2.4 (0.3) 4.7 0.003 2 > 1 0.28 (-0.06–0.62)