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Table 3 SDQ total, subscales and impact, observed in Norwegian-Vietnamese children (NV), compared with expected mean scores from the Norwegian norm sample (No).

From: Better mental health in children of Vietnamese refugees compared with their Norwegian peers - a matter of cultural difference?

SDQ Total mean (SD) Girls mean (SD) Boys mean (SD)
Self NV (n = 53) No NV (n = 28) No NV (n = 25) No
Total problems 8.9 (4.4)* 10.5 (0.5) 9.4 (4.3) 10.6 (0.6) 8.3 (4.6) 10.4 (0.4)
Emotion 2.8 (2.2) 2.7 (0.6) 3.4 (2.2) 3.2 (0.2) 2.1 (2.0) 2.1 (0.1)
Conduct 1.5 (1.2)** 2.0 (0.3) 1.3 (1.0) 1.8 (0.1) 1.9 (1.2) 2.3 (0.2)
Hyperact 2.9 (2.1)*** 4.0 (0.3) 3.0 (2.1) 4.0 (0.4) 2.8 (2.2) 4.0 (0.2)
Peer problems 1.8 (1.5) 1.9 (0.2) 1.9 (1.5) 1.7 (0.1) 1.8 (1.6) 2.0 (0.2)
Prosocial 7.9 (1.7)t 7.5 (0.6) 8.2 (1.5) 8.0 (0.2) 7.6 (1.8)t 6.9 (0.4)
Impact 0.2 (0.6) *** 0.9 (0.6) 0.2 (0.8) 1.0 (0.6) 0.1 (0.4) 0.7 (0.4)
Parent (n = 39)   (n = 23)   (n = 16)  
Total problems 8.6 (6.2)* 6.3 (0.5) 7.8 (5.5) 5.7 (0.2) 9.1 (6.7) 6.7 (0.2)
Emotion 2.1 (2.5)t 1.3 (0.1) 1.9 (2.0) 1.4 (0.01) 2.2 (2.8) 1.2 (0.1)
Conduct 1.2 (1.4) 1.1 (0.1) 0.9 (1.1) 1.0 (0.02) 1.3 (1.5) 1.2 (0.05)
Hyperact 3.1 (2.4) 2.7 (0.4) 2.9 (2.7) 2.3 (0.2) 3.3 (2.2) 3.1 (0.1)
Peer problems 2.2 (1.5)*** 1.1 (0.1) 2.1 (1.3) 1.1 (0.04) 2.2 (1.7) 1.2 (0.1)
Prosocial 8.3 (1.6) 8.2 (0.3) 9.1 (1.1) 8.6 (0.02) 7.8 (1.7) 8.0 (0.1)
Impact 1.1 (3.8) 0.4 (0.1) 0.5 (2.0) 0.3 (0.02) 1.4 (4.6) 0.5 (0.04)
  1. Self-report grade 5-13, parent report grade 3-7.
  2. a Significance for difference from expected mean scores: t p-value 0.05-0.09; * p-value <0.05; ** p-value <0.01; *** p-value <0.001
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