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Table 2 Proportional odds logistic regression with sadness as dependent variable

From: Factors associated with internalizing or somatic symptoms in a cross-sectional study of school children in grades 1-10

  Each covariate adjusted only for gender and grade All covariates, gender and grade, included in the model
  Odds ratio Odds ratio
Covariates* Estimate (95% CI) p-value Estimate (95% CI) p-value
Adverse factors     
   Academic problems 1.74 (1.35 to 2.23) < 0.001 1.28 (0.94 to 1.74) 0.117
   Disturbed work 1.31 (1.09 to 1.58) 0.005 0.98 (0.77 to 1.24) 0.838
   Bothered during lessons 2.26 (1.64 to 3.10) < 0.001 1.41 (0.96 to 2.08) 0.083
   Loneliness 2.08 (1.67 to 2.59) < 0.001 1.94 (1.42 to 2.64) < 0.001
   Victimization 1.56 (1.27 to 1.91) < 0.001 0.93 (0.71 to 1.23) 0.613
Promoting factors     
   School work enjoyment 0.82 (0.65 to 1.03) 0.095 0.97 (0.73 to 1.29) 0.837
   Necessary academic help 0.58 (0.46 to 0.74) < 0.001 0.78 (0.57 to 1.06) 0.115
   School work satisfaction 0.73 (0.59 to 0.92) 0.007 0.94 (0.71 to 1.24) 0.651
   Friends 0.66 (0.53 to 0.83) < 0.001 0.82 (0.63 to 1.07) 0.141
   Supportive peers 0.94 (0.80 to 1.11) 0.481 1.03 (0.85 to 1.24) 0.764
   Supportive teacher 0.88 (0.73 to 1.06) 0.193 0.96 (0.77 to 1.19) 0.703
  1. * Covariates are factors assumed to be associated with children's sadness