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Table 5 Proportional odds logistic regression with headache as dependent variable

From: Factors associated with internalizing or somatic symptoms in a cross-sectional study of school children in grades 1-10

  Each covariate adjusted only for gender and grade All covariates, gender and grade, included in the model
  Odds ratio Odds ratio
Covariates* Estimate (95% CI) p-value Estimate (95% CI) p-value
Adverse factors     
   Academic problems 1.44 (1.13 to 1.84) 0.003 1.10 (0.81 to 1.48) 0.542
   Disturbed work 1.43 (1.19 to 1.73) < 0.001 1.24 (0.98 to 1.57) 0.071
   Bothered during lessons 1.90 (1.41 to 2.58) < 0.001 1.28 (0.88 to 1.85) 0.198
   Loneliness 1.61 (1.32 to 1.98) < 0.001 1.47 (1.10 to 1.96) 0.010
   Victimization 1.57 (1.29 to 1.91) < 0.001 1.10 (0.84 to 1.44) 0.486
Promoting factors     
   School work enjoyment 0.82 (0.65 to 1.03) 0.085 0.99 (0.75 to 1.30) 0.917
   Necessary academic help 0.67 (0.53 to 0.85) 0.001 0.93 (0.69 to 1.27) 0.658
   School work satisfaction 0.75 (0.60 to 0.93) 0.009 0.89 (0.68 to 1.17) 0.418
   Friends 0.78 (0.63 to 0.96) 0.022 0.95 (0.74 to 1.24) 0.728
   Supportive peers 1.04 (0.89 to 1.23) 0.608 1.12 (0.93 to 1.34) 0.251
   Supportive teacher 0.84 (0.70 to 1.00) 0.056 0.92 (0.74 to 1.14) 0.452
  1. * Covariates are factors assumed to be associated with children's headache