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Table 5 Crude and adjusted Odds ratios (95% Confidence Intervals) with age and ethnicity as covariates for current/2-month severe depression (= MDD and/or Dysthymia) and Depression NOS versus no depression and severe depression versus Depression NOS with regard to demographics among adolescents in Central Norway (weighted analyses)

From: Prevalence and characteristics of depressive disorders in early adolescents in central Norway

  Current (last 2 months)
  Severe depressions Depression NOS
  Crude Adjusted Crude Adjusted
Gender (reference category = male) 11.42A¶
(6.38-20.44)
9.15***¶
(4.46-18.79)
2.10
(0.57-7.76)
2.38
(0.83-6.86)
Living situation (reference category = living together with both biological parents) 4.34A¶
(1.89-9.98)
4.55**¶
(1.75-11.84)
0.90
(0.30-2.73)
1.12
(0.40-3.16)
Parental SES (reference category = upper class)     
   Upper middle class 1.98
(0.05-7.11)
1.89
(0.46-7.73)
0.40(0.39 - 4.24) 0.48
(0.05-4.26)
   Lower middle class 2.75 ¶ (1.12-6.75) 1.22¶ ¶
(0.38-3.94)
0.09A (0.01 - 0.71) 0.05***
(0.01-0.46)
   Primary industry 4.04A
(1.14-14.3)
6.13*
(1.65-22.85)
1.27 (0.09 - 18.91) 1.06 (0.09 - 12.91)
   Manual workers 2.49
(0.67-8.9)
2.14
(0.50-9.30)
1.09 (0.14 - 8.5) 0.82
(0.12 -5.22)
Region (reference category = old town)     
   Suburban areas 1.07¶
(0.51- 2.27)
1.83 (0.67 - 5.04) 6.00 A (1.58 - 22.86) 7.38*** (1.77 - 30.77)
   Coast 0.90¶
(0.39-2.01)
0.87 (0.32 - 2.33) 6.74 A (1.79 - 25.36) 5.48 (1.11- 27.13)
   Inland 2.02
(0.80-5.14)
3.08*
(1.01-9.35)
2.65 A (1.04 - 6.77) 4.61 (1.10 - 6.23)
  1. Note: A = significant according to an incremental Bonferroni correction. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001 according to a Sequential Sidak procedure. Severe depressions (MDD and/or Dysthymia) significantly different from Depression NOS: ¶ p < 0.05, ¶¶ p < 0.01 according to a Sequential Sidak procedure.