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Table 2 Demographic characteristics, somatic health, mental health and stressors in the suicide group and the accident group.

From: Differences between children and adolescents who commit suicide and their peers: A psychological autopsy of suicide victims compared to accident victims and a community sample

  Suicide (n = 41) Accident (n = 43) Statistics   
  n (%) n (%) OR 95% CI p
Demographics        
Gender        
   Girls 12 (29) 20 (46.5) 1.0   
   Boys 29 (71) 23 (53.5) 2.1 .9-.5.2 .12
Birth weight (grams) 3559 (SD 653) 3551 (SD566)    .95
Birth length (cm) 50.3 (SD 2.5) 50.6 (SD 2.2)    .67
Mean age (range) 14.4 (11.7-15.9) 13.5 (10.5-15.9)    <.01
   Girls 14.4 (11.7-15.9) 13.2 (10-15.9)    .05
   Boys 14.4 (12-15.9) 13.8 (10-15.9)    .10
Residence        
   Rural 30 (73) 25 (58) 1.0   
   Urban 11 (27) 18 (42) 1.9 .8-4.9 .17
Change of residence        
   Never 17 (41.5) 25 (58) 1.0 .22  
   Once 17 (41.5) 15 (35) 1.7 .7-4.2 .28
   Twice or more 7 (17) 3 (7) 3.4 .8-15.2 .10
Change of school        
   Never 32 (78) 39 (91) 1.0 .26  
   Once 8 (20) 3 (7) 3.3 .8-13.3 .10
   Twice or more 1 (2) 1 (2) 1.2 .1-20.3 .89
Somatic health        
   Good 37 (90) 42 (98) 1.0   
   Some problems 4 (10) 1 (2) 4.5 .5-42.5 .19
Mental health        
Mental health        
   Good 27 (66) 38 (88) 1.0   
   Some problems 14 (34) 5 (12) 3.9 1.-12 .02
Psychiatric diagnosis (n = 40)       
   Affective disorder 2 (5) 0 (0)    
   Anxiety disorder 1 (3) 1 (2)    
   Asperger disorder 1 (3) 0 (0)    
   ADHD 1 (3) 1 (2)    
   ADHD + conduct disorder 1 (3) 1 (2)    
   Affective + anxiety 1 (3) 0 (0)    
   Affective + anxiety + Asperger 1 (3) 0 (0)    
   No disorder 32 (80) 40 (90) 3.3 .8-13.6 .07
Sub threshold depression        
   No 28 (70) 42 (98) 1.0   
   Yes 12 (30) 1 (2) 18. 2.2-146.3 <.01
C-GAS        
   Mean 72 (SD 14) 83 (SD 14)    
   Range 36-95   33-98     <.01
Specific learning difficulties        
   No 38 (93) 37 (86) 1.0   
   Yes 3 (7) 6 (14) 2.0 .5-8.0 .48
Personality trait*        
   Vulnerable 21 (51) 4 (9) 10. 3.0-33 <.01
   Worried 7 (17) 1 (2) 8. 1.0-70 .06
   Confident 4 (10) 15 (35) 5. 1.4-16 <.01
   Impulsive 6 (15) 0 -   1.7-2.7 .02
Suicidal behavior        
   Suicidal threats 4 (10) 0 -    .05
   Suicide interest 19 (47.5) 1 (2) 38. 4.7-303 <.01
   Suicide attempts 5 (12.5) 0 - 2.2 1.7-2.8 .02
Received help        
School psychology services        
   No 34 (83) 35 (81) 1.0   
   Yes 7 (17) 8 (19) .9 .2-2.7 1.0
Child & Adolescent Psychiatry        
   No 36 (88) 39 (91) 1.0   
   Yes 5 (12) 4 (9) 1.3 .3-5.4 .74
Stressors        
Suspected assault 5 (12) 1 (2) 5.8 .7-52.2 .10
Bullied        
   No 29 (71) 37 (86) 1.0   
   Yes 12 (29) 6 (14) 2.5 .9-7.6 .11
Experience of loss        
   No 21 (51) 35 (81) 1.0   
   Yes 20 (49) 8 (19) 4.1 1.5 -11.0 <.01
Stressful conflict        
   No 16 (40) 38 (88) 1.0   
   Yes 24 (60) 5 (12) 11.4 3.6-35 <.01
  1. Differences are given as Odds Ratio with 95% Confidence Interval.
  2. *10 (24%) in the suicide group and 22 (51%) in the accident group were not described with any of the personality traits