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Table 2 Prevalence Estimates of Deliberate Self-Harm in Adolescents by Year of Publication

From: International prevalence of adolescent non-suicidal self-injury and deliberate self-harm

Study N- size Age Range M (SD)* Assessmenta Lifetime Prevalence % 12-Month Prevalence % 6-Month Prevalence % Country
Young et al. (2006) [49] 1,258 11-19 Single questionb Y/N 7.1    UK
Sourander et al. (2006) [50] 738 12-15 Single question Y/N 17.2    Finland
Sidharta & Jena (2006) [51] 1,205 14.73 (1.44) Semistructured interview 18 6.1   India
Patton et al. (2007) [52] 3,332 12-15 Single question Y/N   3.7   US & Australia
Lundh et al. (2007) [53] 123 15 DSHI-9item 41.5    Sweden
Brunner et al. (2007) [54] 5,759 14.9 (0.73) Single question Y/N   14.9   Germany
Portzky et al. (2008) [18] 4,431 15.45 (0.8) Single question Y/N 10.4 7.1   Belgium
Portzky et al. (2008) [18] 4,458 15.5 (0.6) Single question Y/N 4.1 2.6   Netherlands
Bjarehed & Lundh (2008) [55] 202 14.1 DSHI-9item 38.35    Sweden
Morey et al. (2008) [56] 3,881 15-17 Single question Y/N 9.1 5.7   Ireland
Nixon et al. (2008) [34] 568 14-21 Single question Y/N 16.9    Canada
Madge et al. (2008) [11] 30,477 14-17 Single question Y/N 8.8 5.7   EU
Larsson & Sund (2008) [57] 2,464 13.7 (0.58) Single question Y/N 2.9    Norway
Laukkanen et al. (2009) [34] 4,205 13-18 Single question Y/N 21.7 10.2   Finland
van Rijsselberghe et al. (2009) [58] 4,500 16 Single question Y/N 10.4 7   Belgium
Shin et al. (2009) [59] 1,857 13.75 (1.0) Single question Y/N    9.21 Korea
Kvernmo & Rosenvinge (2009) [60] 487 13-16 Single question (YSR) 12.5    Norway
O'Connor et al. (2009) [61] 2,008 15-16 Single question Y/N 13.8 9.8   Scotland
Landstedt & Gillander Gadin (2011) [62] 1,663 17 Two questions Yes/No 17.1    Sweden
Lundh et al. (2011) [63] 992 14.2 DSHI-9item    41.5 Sweden
Tsai et al. (2011) [64] 742 16.8 (1.2) Single question Y/N 11.3    Taiwan
Cerutti et al. (2011) [65] 234 16.47 (1.7) DSHI-17item 42    Italy
Kirchner et al. (2011) [66] 1,171 13.92 (1.33) Single Question (YSR) 11.4    Catalonia
Moran et al. (2011) [67] 1802 15.9 (0.49) 5 Y/N Behaviors 8.3 5.1 2.2 Australia
Lucassen et al. (2011) [68] 8,002 Secondary Students Single question Y/N   20.9   New Zealand
Wan et al. (2011) [69] 17,662 12-24 Behavior Check List   17   China
  1. Note: * Standard Deviations and mean ages were not always reported within sample descriptions. a SHBQ = Self-Harm Behavior Questionnaire, FASM = Functional Assessment of Self-Mutilation. b Most common wording of the single question was: "Have you ever deliberately taken an overdose or tried to harm yourself in some other way?" or, "Have you ever intentionally harmed yourself?"