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Table 5 Combinations of loneliness and victimization associated (Odds ratio, 95% CI) with self-reported health symptoms in a population study of Norwegian school children

From: The impact of loneliness on self-rated health symptoms among victimized school children

  Sadness Anxiety Stomach ache Headache
Covariate* OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Not-lonely-not-victim Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
Lonely-not-victim 3.3 (1.6 to 7.2) 5.6 (2.4 to 12.8) 1.9 (0.9 to 4.3) 2.6 (1.2 to 5.7)
Victim-not-lonely 1.3 (0.6 to 2.8) 2.1 (0.9 to 5.0) 1.7 (0.9 to 3.5) 1.4 (0.7 to 3.0)
Victim-and-lonely 3.8 (1.9 to 7.6) 6.5 (3.1 to 13.7) 3.4 (1.7 to 6.6) 3.4 (1.7 to 6.8)
  1. * Categorical covariate adjusted for gender and grade in binary logistic regression.