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Table 2 Differences between groups (Means (and SD))

From: Parental rearing and psychopathology in mothers of adolescents with and without borderline personality symptoms

  Clinical group (N = 96-101) Control group (N = 44) Comparison (U) Effect size (Cohen’s d)
Mothers
PDQ cluster A 3.80 (3.76) 2.91 (3.73) 1746.50 .24
cluster B 3.24 (2.93) 3.04 (2.98) 1989.50 .07
cluster C 5.15 (3.27) 3.92 (3.45) 1539.50** .37
SCL-90Total score 127.87 (33.34) 110.80 (21.68) 1402.50** .61
Adolescents
EMBU -EW 55.29 (12.16) 61.98 (9.54) 3964.50*** -.61
-R 27.61 (7.04) 22.55 (4.00) 1132.50*** .88
-O 24.54 (5.31) 21.08 (5.25) 1381.00*** .66
  1. **p < .01; ***p < .000.
  2. Mann–Whitney test between groups. EMBU = parental rearing style child version; EW = emotional warmth; R = rejection; O = overprotection; AC = affectionless control; SCL-90 = symptoms checklist 90; PDQ cluster A/B/C = personality disorders questionnaire cluster A/B/C (corresponds with DSM-IV).
  3. Due to missing values n varies from 140–145.