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Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: Social and emotional difficulties in children with ADHD and the impact on school attendance and healthcare utilization

Characteristics ADHD (n=432) non-ADHD (n=5464)
Gender, n (%)   
 Male 309 (69.7) 2717 (48.8)
Age, n (%)
 6-11 years 153 (34.1) 2531 (49.5)
 12-17 years 279 (65.9) 2933 (50.5)
Race, n (%)
 White 317 (75.5) 3956 (76.1)
 Black 79 (16.2) 966 (15.5)
 Asian 6 (1.0) 292 (4.0)
 Other 30 (7.3) 242 (4.4)
Family Income, n (%)
 $0 - $34,999 140 (33.1) 1637 (29.5)
 $35,000 - $74,999 132 (35.7) 1641 (33.4)
 $75,000 - $99,999 52 (13.5) 647 (14.5)
 $100,000 and over 73 (17.7) 1006 (22.6)
Medical Insurance, n (% yes) 391 (91.3) 4801 (89.8)
Medication Ever Prescribed for Difficulties with Concentration, Hyperactivity, or Impulsivity, n (% yes) 278 (67.6) 39 (0.8)
Outcome Measures, n (% yes)
 ≥ 2 ER visits past 12 months 40 (11.1) 286 (5.6)
 ≥ 6 Doctor or HCP visits past 12 months 122 (30.9) 481 (9.4)
 ≥ 2 weeks of school missed in past 12 months 41 (8.4) 204 (3.6)
Social and Emotional Difficulties, n (% yes)
 Anxiety/stress in past 12 months 117 (32.2) 330 (6.3)
 Depression in past 12 months 58 (16.5) 106 (2.0)
 Phobias/fears in past 12 months 35 (7.2) 111 (1.9)
Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire*, n (%)
 SDQ 1 - Not well behaved 35 (7.0) 133 (2.3)
 SDQ 2 - Often seems worried 194 (47.3) 1115 (21.3)
 SDQ 3 - Unhappy/depressed 106 (27.4) 533 (9.8)
 SDQ 4 - Gets along better with adults than children 196 (42.7) 1706 (31.0)
 SDQ 5 - Doesn’t have good attention 186 (44.7) 414 (7.9)
 SDQ 6 - Difficulties w/emot/conc/ beh/getting along 126 (32.8) 101 (2.0)
  1. Note: Percents reported are based on weighted frequencies and thus may vary slightly from the expected values based on the reported n’s.
  2. * SDQ1: He/she is generally well behaved, usually does what adults request; SDQ2: He/she has many worries, or often seems worried; SDQ3: He/she is often unhappy, depressed, or tearful; SDQ4: He/she gets along better with adults that with other children/youth; SDQ5: He/she has good attention span, sees chores or homework through to the end; SDQ6: Overall, do you think that [name] has difficulties in any of the following areas: emotions, concentration, behavior, or being able to get along with other people?