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Table 4 Main effects in appearance-related social pressure for grade

From: The face of appearance-related social pressure: gender, age and body mass variations in peer and parental pressure during adolescence

  Grade 7 Grade 8 Grade 9  
( n=393) ( n= 407) ( n=312)
M M M  
  (SD) (SD) (SD)
Parental Pressure
Parental Teasing 1.10 1.16 1.19  
(0.34) (0.45) (0.44)
Injustice & Ignorance 1.12 1.14 1.15  
(0.31) (0.33) (0.31)
Parental Encouragement 1.58a 1.73b 1.71b η2 = .01**
(0.72) (0.78) (0.75)
Parental Norms & Modeling 1.99 2.15 2.24  
(0.74) (0.71) (0.80)
Peer Pressure
Peer Teasing 1.44a 1.56b 1.62b η2 = .02***
(0.60) (0.64) (0.68)
Exclusion 1.73a 1.94b 1.89b η2 = .02***
(0.70) (0.83) (0.77)
School & Class Norms 1.83a 2.14b 2.37c η2 = .06***
(0.64) (0.74) (0.85)
Modeling by Friends 2.25a 2.49b 2.59b η2 = .02***
(0.76) (0.73) (0.78)
  1. Note. The items are rated on a 5-point Likert scale from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree). Means with the same subscript are not significantly different.
  2. *p < .05; **p < .01; *** p < .001.