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Table 5 Results of fitting multiple logistic regression models for factors associated with anxiety in children / adolescents

From: Prevalence, comorbidity and predictors of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents in rural north-eastern Uganda

Factor Level Odds ratio (95% confidence interval) Likelihood ratio Test P-value
District Gulu 1 (Reference Level) <0.001
Kaberamaido 13.7 (7.9 ; 23.6)  
Lira 12.6 (7.4 ; 21.5)  
Tororo 11.7 (6.7 ; 20.4)  
Gender Male 1 (Reference Level) 0.016
Female 1.38 (1.06 ; 1.79)  
Employment status of guardian Professional 1 (Reference Level) <0.001
Casual 0.41 (0.25 ; 0.68)  
Housewife 1.39 (0.83 ; 2.33)  
Unemployed 2.16 (1.38 ; 3.36)  
Other 1.43 (0.90 ; 2.28)  
Living arrangements Both Parents 1 (Reference Level) 0.05
Mother Only 0.99 (0.70 ; 1.41)  
Father Only 2.22 (1.18 ; 4.19)  
With Grandparents 1.55 (0.96 ; 2.50)  
Other 1.34 (0.83 ; 2.18)  
Nature of housing Permanent 1 (Reference Level) <0.001
Semi-permanent 0.37 (0.22 ; 0.63)  
Hut 0.39 (0.23 ; 0.65)
Other 0.76 (0.35 ; 1.68)  
Parents education level None 1 (Reference Level) 0.049
Elementary 0.96 (0.70 ; 1.33)  
Secondary 0.60 (0.37 ; 0.98)  
Other 0.54 (0.29 ; 1.00)  
Number of siblings 0 - 2 1 (Reference Level) 0.098
3 – 4 1.11 (0.73 ; 1.71)  
5 – 6 0.84 (0.55 ; 1.29)  
7+ 1.28 (0.83 ; 1.97)  
Education No formal education 1 (Reference Level) 0.090
  0.79 (0.58 ; 1.08)  
1.40 (0.70 ; 2.79)  
Experience of trauma No 1 (Reference Level) <0.001
Yes 1.93 (1.42 ; 2.62)  
Emotional symptom Scale Normal 1 (Reference Level) <0.001
Borderline 2.00 (1.34 ; 2.99)  
Abnormal 2.58 (1.82 ; 3.65)  
Missing 2.19 (1.34 ; 3.59)  
Number of DSM disorders None 1 (Reference Level) 0.001
One 1.19 (0.82 ; 1.74)  
  Two or More 3.06 (1.67 ; 5.62)