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Table 6 Values for the Indian adaptation of Battle’s self esteem inventory

From: Effect of yoga or physical exercise on physical, cognitive and emotional measures in children: a randomized controlled trial

Variables Yoga (n = 47) Physical exercise (n = 47)
Pre Post Cohen’s d Pre Post Cohen’s d
Total Score of S.E. 33.51 (6.46) 36.98 (4.82)*** 0.6088 35.13 (5.62) 36.74 (5.40) 0.2921
General S.E 11.68 (2.83) 13.68 (2.24)*** 0.7836 12.36 (2.79) 13.28 (2.71) 0.3345
Social S.E 5.62 (1.49) 6.06 (1.76) 0.2698 6.43 (1.51) 6.77 (1.56) 0.2214
Academic S.E 7.89 (1.82) 8.28 (1.21) 0.2523 7.91 (1.77) 8.02 (1.64) 0.0644
Parental S.E. 8.32 (2.05) 8.96 (1.38)* 0.3662 8.43 (1.33) 8.68 (1.35) 0.1865
  1. Values are group mean (S.D.).
  2. *p < .05, post-hoc analyses with Bonferroni adjustment; ***p < .001, post-hoc analyses with Bonferroni adjustment compared with pre.