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Table 3 Multiple regressions predicting time 2 child SDQ mental health difficulties (n=474)

From: Resource factors for mental health resilience in early childhood: An analysis with multiple methodologies

  Parent-reported child mental health SDQ difficulties Teacher-reported child mental health SDQ difficulties
Time 1 predictor variables β R 2 (ΔR 2 ) ΔF β R 2 (ΔR 2 ) ΔF
Step 1:   .003 (.003) 1.32   .065 (.065) 32.79***
   Gender (female) -.05    -.26***   
Step 2:   .073 (.070) 35.77***   .083 (.018) 9.16***
   Gender (female) -.06    -.26***   
   Cumulative Adversity Index .27***    .13**   
Step 3:   .304 (.230) 38.61***   .197 (.114) 16.61***
   Gender (female) -.02    -.19***   
   Cumulative Adversity Index .22***    .08*   
   Self-concepta -.26***    -.03   
   Self-controla -.14**    -.18**   
   Child–parent Relationship Quality -.17***    -.12**   
   Child-Teacher Relationship Quality -.08*    -.15**   
Step 4:   .311 (.007) 1.22   .209 (.012) 1.80
   Gender (female) -.01    -.19***   
   Cumulative Adversity Index .23***    .07   
   Self-concepta -.26***    -.02   
   Self-controla -.15**    -.18**   
   Child–parent Relationship Quality -.16***    -.11**   
   Child-Teacher Relationship Quality -.09*    -.16**   
   Adversity x self-concept .04    -.06   
   Adversity x self-control -.02    -.08   
   Adversity x child–parent relationship -.03    .05   
   Adversity x child-teacher relationship .08#    .06   
  1. Note.a Models predicting parent-reported child mental health difficulties included parent-reported self-concept and self-control as predictor variables, and models predicting teacher-reported child mental health difficulties included teacher-reported self-concept and self-control as predictor variables.
  2. # p < .10; * p < .05; ** p < .01; *** p < .001.