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Table 3 Normative banding of total difficulties score for parent- and teacher-rated SDQs for Japanese children

From: Normative data and psychometric properties of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire among Japanese school-aged children

   7-9 years 10-12 years 13-15 years
SDQ   Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
    Raw score (%) Raw score (%) Raw score (%) Raw score (%) Raw score (%) Raw score (%)
Parent rating Normal 0-13 82.0% 0-11 81.0% 0-11 79.8% 0-10 82.0% 0-10 79.7% 0-10 81.5%
  Borderline 14-16 9.0% 12-14 9.7% 12-14 9.9% 11-13 8.2% 11-14 11.3% 11-13 8.9%
  Clinical 17-40 9.0% 15-40 9.3% 15-40 10.3% 14-40 9.8% 15-40 9.0% 14-40 9.6%
Teacher rating Normal 0-11 78.9% 0-7 80.5% 0-10 78.1% 0-6 81.4% 0-9 81.3% 0-6 82.5%
  Borderline 12-16 11.6% 8-11 10.2% 11-14 10.8% 7-9 9.6% 10-12 8.9% 7-9 7.8%
  Clinical 17-40 9.5% 12-40 9.3% 15-40 11.1% 10-40 9.0% 13-40 9.8% 10-40 9.7%
  1. Note. SDQ, strengths and difficulties questionnaire. There were no significant differences in proportion by age band between parent and teacher ratings for either boys or girls.