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Table 5 Cross-scale correlations for parent- and teacher-rated SDQs of Japanese children aged 7–15 years (Spearman’s rho)

From: Normative data and psychometric properties of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire among Japanese school-aged children

   Parent rating (n = 24,519) Teacher rating (n = 7,977)
SDQ subscale   Conduct problems Hyperactivity/inattention Peer problems Prosocial behavior Conduct problems Hyperactivity/inattention Peer problems Prosocial behavior
Emotional symptoms Boys .29* .31* .33* -.05* .27* .34* .37* -.18*
  Girls .28* .28* .31* -.04* .23* .33* .37* -.16*
  Total .28* .28* .32* -.03* .25* .32* .37* -.17*
Conduct problems Boys   .50* .24* -.30*   .57* .41* -.50*
  Girls   .45* .25* -.33*   .45* .41* -.46*
  Total   .48* .25* -.32*   .53* .42* -.50*
Hyperactivity/inattention Boys    .31* -.28*    .41* -.53*
  Girls    .28* -.30*    .44* -.52*
  Total    .30* -.31*    .43* -.56*
Peer problems Boys     -.24*     -.46*
  Girls     -.25*     -.47*
  Total     -.24*     -.47*
  1. Note. SDQ, strengths and difficulties questionnaire. Parent ratings: boys (n = 12,472), girls (n = 12,047). Teacher ratings: boys (n = 4,010), girls (n = 3,967).
  2. *p < 0.01.