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Table 7 Correlations between the SDQ and CBCL for each rater (Spearman’s rho)

From: Normative data and psychometric properties of the strengths and difficulties questionnaire among Japanese school-aged children

  CBCL Withdrawal problems Somatic complaints Anxiety/dep Social problems Thought problems Attention problems Delinquent behaviors Aggressive behavior Internalizing Externalizing Total
SDQ
Parent rating (n = 46) Total difficulties score .32* .44** .25 .48** .23 .62** .54** .43** .36* .51** .56**
Emotional symptoms .40** .48** .44** .23 .20 .19 -.03 .07 .52** .05 .34*
Conduct problems .19 .21 .16 .06 .00 .37* .66** .50** .21 .59** .39**
Hyperactivity/inattention .06 .27 .00 .35* .12 .58** .49** .39** .09 .44** .39**
Peer problems .20 .09 .05 .50** .13 .32* .11 .00 .10 .04 .18
Prosocial behavior -.26 -.15 -.03 -.07 -.06 -.27 -.30* -.34* -.16 -.37* -.21
Teacher rating (n = 29) Total difficulties score .44* .29 .49** .75** .48** .82** .55** .68** .48** .68** .77**
Emotional symptoms .23 .57** .56** .37* .21 .33 .11 .18 .50** .18 .36
Conduct problems .24 .05 .18 .60** .33 .71** .66** .79** .22 .80** .66**
Hyperactivity/inattention .30 .22 .33 .52** .36 .74** .40* .62** .31 .59** .66**
Peer problems .46* -.05 .31 .75** .55** .66** .51** .53** .33 .54** .64**
Prosocial behavior -.34 -.03 -.15 -.43* -.28 -.44* -.14 -.46* -.23 -.40* -.40*
  1. Note. SDQ, strengths and difficulties questionnaire. CBCL, child behavioral checklist. The subsample from which parent ratings were obtained (n = 46) consisted of clinical patients (36 boys, mean age 8.0 ± 0.8). The subsample from which teacher ratings were obtained (n = 29) consisted of clinical patients (23 boys, mean age 7.9 ± 0.7). *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01.