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Table 2 Descriptions of parental outcome variables: means and SD by treatment condition and time and effect size

From: The change and the mediating role of parental emotional reactions and depression in the treatment of traumatized youth: results from a randomized controlled study

  Therapy as usual   TF-CBT   
Outcome Time 1 Time 2 Time 3 d 1 Time 1 Time 2 Time 3 d 2 d 3
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
CES-D 17.25 (9.75) 17.60 (12.52) 13.39 (11.91) 0.40 17.55 (12.28) 13.26 (10.98) 10.96 (10.35) 0.54 0.22
  n = 61 n = 43 n = 44   n = 66 n = 47 n = 48   
Perq 35.22 (11.09) 31.60 (11.37) 31.64 (11.39) 0.32 37.00 (9.97) 31.16 (10.02) 28.33 (10.28) 0.87 0.31
  n = 58 n = 43 n = 45   n = 69 n = 45 n = 48   
  1. Note. PERQ = Parental Emotional Reaction Questionnaire, CES-D = Center for Epidemiologic Studies.
  2. Depression Scale.
  3. d 1  = calculated based on differences between T1 and T3 in the TAU-condition: TAU T 1 TAU T 3 SD TAU T 1 .
  4. d 2 = calculated based on differences between T1 and T3 in the TF-CBT-condition: TFCBT T 1 TFCBT T 3 SD TFCBT T 1 .
  5. d 3 = calculated based on differences between the two conditions at T 3 : TAU T 3 TFCBT T 3 SD pooled where SD pooled = n 1 1 S D 1 2 + n 2 1 S D 2 2 n 1 + n 2 2 .