Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Hierarchical multiple regression for the automatic and social functions of NSSI

From: A cross-sectional study of adolescent non-suicidal self-injury: support for a specific distress-function relationship

  Automatic functions Social functions
Block of predictors R 2 change B SE B β t p R 2 change B SE (HC) β t p
1 Frequency of NSSI .24*** .05 .01 .18 6.79 <.001 .09*** .02 .01 .07 1.42 .155
2. Gender (female) .12*** .95 .27 .10 3.53 <.001 .03*** −.21 .42 −.02 −.50 .617
3. Self-reported exposure to adversities .13***       .10***      
 Bullied   −.36 .26 −.04 −1.42 .157   .25 .35 .03 .70 .483
 Having made a suicide attempt   1.78 .34 .14 5.29 <.001   1.57 .63 .12 2.51 .012
 Physical abuse by adult in family   .57 .29 .05 1.99 .047   1.42 .53 .12 2.68 .008
 Sexual abuse by adult in family or other   .39 .34 .03 1.14 .254   .77 .56 .06 1.37 .170
 Emotional abuse   .61 .26 .06 2.31 .021   .12 .37 .01 .31 .755
 Parental chronic adversity   .15 .23 .02 .65 .518   −.21 .31 −.02 −.67 .505
 Prolonged illness or handicap during upbringing   .75 .32 .05 2.34 .020   .79 .51 .06 1.55 .121
4. Self-reported symptoms of traumatic stress .13***       .06***      
 Depression   .34 .04 .40 9.37 <.001   .03 .06 .03 .49 .622
 Anxiety   .004 .04 .004 .09 .927   .17 .07 .16 2.45 .014
 Anger   −.04 .03 −.04 −1.35 .178   .03 .04 .04 .79 .427
 Posttraumatic stress   .02 .03 .03 .66 .512   −.001 .04 −.002 −.03 .975
 Dissociation   .11 .03 .14 3.61 <.001   .12 .05 .15 2.48 .013
  1. Note. NSSI = non-suicidal self-injury, boldface values represent unique relationship between predictor and automatic or social functions, all statistics (except R2 change) presented in the table refer to the final fourth model, values adjusted using the heteroscedasticity-consistent standard error (HCSE) estimator [53], n = 808 in the model of social functions, due to listwise deletion of missing being the default option in the HCSE macro, ***p < .001.