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Table 3 PTSD Criterion and Diagnosis Frequencies in Young Children with Substantial PTSS

From: Comparing three diagnostic algorithms of posttraumatic stress in young children exposed to accidental trauma: an exploratory study

PTSD criterion or diagnosis N (n = 9) % (n = 9) Prevalence rate % (n = 98)
Intrusion 8 88 --
Avoidance/numbing (DSM-IV; 3 symptoms) 2 22 --
Avoidance/numbing (PTSD-AA; 1 symptom) 9 100 --
Avoidance/negative alterations cognitions and mood (DSM-5; 1 symptom) 9 100 --
Hyperarousal 8 88 --
DSM-IV diagnosis 2 22 2.0
PTSD-AA diagnosis 7 77 7.1
DSM-5 diagnosis 7 77 7.1
Substantial symptoms but no diagnosisa 2 22 2.0
  1. -- = not applicable
  2. aChildren met at least two clusters of symptoms of PTSD according to any of the algorithms