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Table 3 Ordinary least squares regression of growth measure on disclosure, formal help-seeking and psychosocial measures

From: Predictors of self-injury cessation and subsequent psychological growth: results of a probability sample survey of students in eight universities and colleges

  Bivariate model a Multivariate model b
  Unstd. b [95 % CI] Std b Unstd. b [95 % CI] Std b
 Sex, female 0.36** [.12, .61] .16 .13 [-.17, .42] .05
NSSI characteristics  
 NSSI lifetime frequency .13*** [.03, .22] .14 -.03 [-.15, .09] -.03
 Age of NSSI onset .03 [.01, .06] .09 -- --
 Number of NSSI functions .07*** [.04, .10] .27 .01 [-.03, .05] .04
 Number of NSSI forms .10*** [.05, .15] .21 .08* [.02, .14] .20
 Perceived dependence on NSSI .32*** [.20, .43] .31 .21** [.07,.34] .20
Disclosure & formal help-seeking     
 Have had conversation about NSSI .52***[.32, .72] .27 .25* [.007, .48] .12
 Willingness to seek professional help .08 [.00, .17] .10 -- --
 Ever been in therapy .18 [-.04, .40] .10 -- --
 Perceived helpfulness of therapy in stopping NSSI c .12 [.00, .25] .14 -- --
Psychosocial factors     
 Number of people can turn to when distressed .10***[.06, .14] .24 .07* [.01, .13] .12
 Quality of social support .14** [.05, .24] .17 -.004[-.08, .15] -.004
 Found meaning in life .17** [.05, .23] .17 .03 [-.08, .15] .04
 Life satisfaction .20*** [.11, .29] .23 .15* [-.02, .28] .16
 Emotion regulation strategies .9 [-.02, .17] .09 -- --
Mental health history     
 Count of traumatic events .05 [-.02, .11] .14 -- --
 Number of perceived psychiatric conditions .14 [-.09, .36] .07 -- --
 Disordered eating behaviors .07 [-.14, .27] .04 -- --
 Psychological distress in past 30 days (K-6) -.02 [-.05, .01] -.08 -- --
Suicide thoughts and behaviors - - -- --
  Suicidal thoughts .12* [-.09, .34] .06 .17 [-.9, .43] .09
  Suicide behaviors .50*** [.23, .77] .20 .37*[.07, .68] .15
  1. NSSI non-suicidal self-injury
  2. * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001
  3. aDerived from one ordinary least squares (OLS) regression model for each predictor
  4. bDerived from one OLS regression model with all significant bivariate predictors included
  5. cOf participants who had ever been to therapy