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Table 1 Patients at first-ever consultation with child and adolescent mental health services

From: Reasons and pathways of first-time consultations at child and adolescent mental health services: an observational study in Italy

   N (%)
Sex Male 227 (56.9)
Age (years) 6–8 138 (34.6)
9–10 74 (18.5)
11–13 106 (26.6)
14–18 85 (20.3)
Nationality Italian 372 (93.2)
European Union (EU) 15 (3.8)
Non-EU 12 (3.0)
Family structure Traditional structure (father, mother, siblings) 307 (75.7)
Non-traditional structure:  
 One-parent family 58 (14.5)
 One step-parent 26 (6.5)
 Adoptive or Foster family/Residential care 8 (2.0)
Diagnosis F40-48 Neurotic, stress-related, somatoform disorders 68 (17.0)
F93-98 Emotional disorders with childhood onset 67 (16.8)
F30-33 Mood disorders 19 (4.8)
F81 Learning disorders 84 (21.1)
F80 Specific disorders of speech and language 19 (4.8)
F82, 83, 88 89 Other developmental disorders 6 (1.5)
F70 Mental retardation 17 (4.3)
F84 Pervasive developmental disorders 9 (2.3)
F91-92 Conduct disorders 25 (6.3)
F50 Eating Disorders 24 (6.0)
F60-69 Disorders of adult personality and behaviour 5 (1.3)
F20-29 Schizophrenia, schizotypical and delusional 5 (1.3)
Z03-99 Factors influencing health and contact with health services 51 (12.7)
Familiarity for mental disorders and physical illnesses Mental disorder in one parent 89 (22.3)
Mental disorders in both parents 24 (6.0)
Physical illness in one parent 60 (15.0)
Physical illness in both parents 12 (3.0)
Mental disorders in any brothers/sisters 44 (11.0)
Main scores on assessment questionnaires Mean (SD)
Child Behavior Checklist/6–18 Total performance score 16.4 (6.0)
Child Behavior Checklist/6–18 Total problem score 47.9 (24.6)
Clinical Global Impression Severity Index 3.1 (1.2)
Children Global Assessment Score 64.2 (14.1)
Health of the Nation Outcome Scale for Children and Adolescent 8.6 (5.6)