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Table 1 Differences between Never, Past, and Current NSSI Engagement groups on emotions, coping, and interpersonal supports

From: A cross-sectional matched sample study of nonsuicidal self-injury among young adults: support for interpersonal and intrapersonal factors, with implications for coping strategies

  Current NSSI Past NSSI Never NSSI η2
M SD 95% CI M SD 95% CI M SD 95% CI
   LL UL LL UL LL UL
Emotions
 Depression (n = 89/group)* 19.73a 6.67 18.32 21.13 15.10b 7.66 13.49 16.72 8.48c 4.41 7.55 9.41 0.34
 Anxiety (n = 92/group) 13.03a 3.21 12.39 13.69 13.86a 2.78 13.28 14.41 15.63b 2.54 15.09 16.13 0.13
Coping
 Adaptive (n = 90/group) 38.23a 11.86 35.79 40.66 36.29a 11.83 33.61 38.57 33.47b 8.05 31.78 35.15 0.03
 Maladaptive (n = 90/group) 22.49a 7.78 20.80 24.04 17.22b 7.78 15.52 18.76 11.82c 6.26 10.51 13.13 0.26
Interpersonal support
 Family support (n = 93/group) 20.28a 6.82 18.88 21.68 22.01b 5.34 20.91 23.11 24.48c 4.37 23.58 25.38 0.09
 Friend support (n = 93/group) 22.10a 5.78 20.93 23.26 23.25a,b 4.60 22.30 24.19 24.58b 4.22 23.71 25.45 0.04
 Significant other support (n = 93/group) 21.44a 6.69 20.07 22.82 23.94b 5.50 22.80 25.07 24.57b 4.70 23.60 25.54 0.05
 Ethnic identity (n = 93/group) 2.54 0.68 2.42 2.70 2.52 0.72 2.37 2.67 2.49 0.70 2.35 2.64 0.01
 Belonging (n = 93/group) 2.38a 0.69 2.24 2.52 2.58a 0.79 2.42 2.75 3.09b 0.55 2.98 3.20 0.16
  1. Different superscript letters (a, b, c) signify the group significantly differed.
  2. * Sample size per group is noted by each dependent variable, as noted earlier if one person in the triad match was missing a scale score the entire matched triad was removed from the analysis to ensure matched demographic data remained constant. No one participant was missing data from all dependent variables.