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Table 3 Perception of parents about causes of children’s mental health problem (n = 532)

From: Parents’ perception of child and adolescent mental health problems and their choice of treatment option in southwest Ethiopia

Reported risk factors N (%)
Supernatural (A)
 Evil spirit 496 93.2
 Magic 467 87.8
 Attack from devil 412 77.4
 Due to sins committed 393 73.9
 Will of God 368 69.2
 Curse 435 81.8
Biological (B)
 Genetic exposure 401 73.4
 Use of psychoactive substances 104 19.5
 Neurochemical imbalance 106 19.9
Psychosocial (C)
 Family financial crises 169 31.8
 Death of loved family members 416 78.2
 Academic failure 94 17.7
 Conflictual marriage 359 67.5
 Family poverty 299 56.2
 Family divorce 316 59.4
 Physical or sexual abuse 256 48.1
 Reported two or more factors mixed from “A”, “B” or “C” 283 53.2