Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 5 Multivariate analysis of variance demonstrates differential relationships between being worried or upset and psychosocial functioning over time

From: Adolescents’ reactions to participating in ethically sensitive research: a prospective self-report study

Group Variable Baseline M (SD) Follow up M (SD) F p η2
Upset baseline and follow up n = 96 Life events 33.23 (6.96) 34.38 (6.65) 4.15 0.05 0.050
Self-esteem 26.68 (5.75) 25.73 (6.02) 3.55 0.06 0.038
Self-efficacy 27.40 (4.44) 28.84 (4.50) 11.36 0.00 0.115
Non-productive coping 56.23 (12.34) 58.79 (11.15) 50.4 0.03 0.056
Reference to others 49.39 (12.69) 51.67 (13.22) 2.42 0.12 0.026
Problem solving 60.40 (13.12) 60.00 (13.76) 0.09 0.77 0.001
Optimism 17.66 (4.69) 17.66 (5.63) 0.000 1.00 0.000
Alcohol use 2.30 (2.67) 3.72 (3.33) 15.97 0.00 0.154
Psych. distress 29.14 (8.15) 29.44 (7.92) 0.11 0.75 0.001
NSSI 4.14 (5.90) 5.58 (6.00) 6.75 0.01 0.074
Upset baseline, not follow up n = 197 Life events 30.51 (5.61) 30.70 (5.73) 0.28 0.60 0.002
Self-esteem 28.50 (5.15) 28.87 (4.89) 1.63 0.20 0.009
Self-efficacy 28.94 (4.24) 29.78 (4.03) 7.29 0.01 0.040
Non-productive coping 53.79 (12.28) 53.18 (10.79) 0.57 0.45 0.003
Reference to others 50.24 (13.58) 51.16 (13.62) 1.10 0.30 0.006
Problem solving 63.40 (11.78) 63.39 (11.54) 0.000 0.98 0.000
Optimism 18.82 (4.41) 18.86 (4.58) 0.02 0.90 0.000
Alcohol use 2.26 (2.23) 3.18 (2.89) 30.15 0.00 0.136
Psych. distress 25.64 (7.00) 24.24 (6.16) 7.02 0.01 0.036
NSSI 1.81 (4.35) 2.00 (4.35) 0.47 0.49 0.003
Not upset baseline, upset follow up n = 131 Life events 28.81 (4.97) 31.85 (5.75) 37.67 0.00 0.260
Self-esteem 29.82 (4.81) 27.33 (5.44) 32.37 0.00 0.217
Self-efficacy 30.04 (4.19) 29.19 (3.88) 4.92 0.03 0.042
Non-productive coping 50.17 (10.87) 54.51 (11.88) 15.67 0.00 0.127
Reference to others 50.83 (13.65) 50.79 (12.19) 0.001 0.98 0.000
Problem solving 64.35 (12.34) 60.66 (12.07) 11.90 0.00 0.086
Optimism 20.34 (4.07) 18.22 (4.39) 31.18 0.00 0.206
Alcohol use 1.90 (2.10) 3.02 (3.01) 25.30 0.00 0.167
Psych. distress 23.86 (5.86) 27.58 (7.42) 28.51 0.00 0.192
NSSI 0.72 (2.93) 2.54 (4.86) 19.87 0.00 0.140
Not upset baseline or follow up n = 1446 Life events 27.09 (4.79) 27.88 (5.03) 42.07 0.00 0.034
Self-esteem 31.14 (4.67) 30.69 (4.88) 15.80 0.00 0.012
Self-efficacy 30.37 (3.86) 30.66 (3.97) 8.12 0.00 0.006
Non-productive coping 47.61 (11.37) 48.85 (11.39) 16.98 0.00 0.013
Reference to others 49.87 (13.38) 49.87 (13.44) 0.00 0.99 0.000
Problem solving 67.28 (12.06) 66.30 (11.76) 10.48 0.00 0.008
Optimism 20.90 (4.12) 20.81 (4.37) 0.84 0.36 0.001
Alcohol use 1.86 (2.00) 2.65 (2.76) 189.53 0.00 0.119
Psych. distress 21.74 (5.44) 22.32 (5.70) 12.03 0.00 0.009
NSSI 0.57 (2.53) 0.76 (2.95) 8.16 0.00 0.006