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Table 7 Adjusted odds ratios (95 % CI) from binary logistic regression adjusted with gender and parent—SES comparing the different bullying involved groups with the non-involved group in adolescence on reported received mental health help and inpatient hospitalization since T2 as young adults due to mental health problems (Total N = 1266)

From: The long-term effects of being bullied or a bully in adolescence on externalizing and internalizing mental health problems in adulthood

Non-involved vs. Being bullied (n = 158) Bully–victim (n = 39) Aggressive toward others (n = 87)
OR 95 CI P value OR 95 CI P-value OR 95 CI P-value
Received mental health help last year 1.63 1.15–2.33 0.007 1.18 0.57–2.43 0.656 1.51 0.95–2.40 0.084
Received mental health help earlier in life 1.94 1.38–2.74 <0.001 1.41 0.71–2.79 0.328 1.57 99–2.46 0.051
Psychiatric hospitalization since T2 3.94 1.58–9.82 0.003 8.13 2.14–30.88 0.002 8.63 3.84–22.00 <0.001
  1. Adjustments made for gender and parent SES