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Table 6 Mixed between-within ANOVA group, time, and interaction main effects for SDQ, PSI, and KPSS scales across the PPAP and WC groups

From: Positive parenting: a randomised controlled trial evaluation of the Parents Plus Adolescent Programme in schools

Scale Group Time Interaction
F p F p F p
SDQ
 TD F (1, 107) = 3.53 0.063 F (1, 107) = 60.01 <0.001*** F (1, 107) = 64.07 <0.001***
 HYP F (1, 107) = 3.28 0.073 F (1, 107) = 0.787 0.377 F (1, 107) = 1.91 0.170
 CON F (1, 107) = 7.98 0.006* F (1, 107) = 26.74 <0.001*** F (1, 107) = 19.98 <0.001***
 EMOT F (1, 107) = 190.8 0.769 F (1, 107) = 62.76 <0.001*** F (1, 107) = 62.76 <0.001***
 PEER F (1, 107) = 0.895 0.346 F (1, 107) = 18.04 <0.001*** F (1, 107) = 23.98 <0.001***
 PRO F (1, 107) = 0.80 0.373 F (1, 107) = 15.23 < 0.001*** F (1, 107) = 9.19 <0.001***
PSI       
 PSI total F (1, 107) = 15.29 <0.001*** F (1, 107) = 46.40 <0.001*** F (1, 107) = 44.08 <0.001***
 PD F (1, 107) = 9.87 <0.001*** F (1, 107) = 45.04 <0.001*** F (1, 107) = 33.48 <0.001***
 DC F (1, 107) = 2.78 0.098 F (1, 107) = 33.55 <0.001*** F (1, 107) = 42.93 <0.001***
 CDI F (1, 107) = 2.59 0.111 F (1, 107) = 20.53 <0.001*** F (1, 107) = 26.69 <0.001***
KPSS
 KPSS total F (1, 107) = 11.96 <0.001*** F (1, 107) = 36.03 <0.001*** F (1, 107) = 42.05 <0.001***
  1. SDQ Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, TD Total Difficulties, EMOT Emotional Symptoms, HYPER Hyperactivity, CON Conduct Problems, PEER Peer Problems, PRO prosocial behavior, PSI Parenting Stress Index, PSI total total stress, PD parental distress, DC Difficult Child, P-CDI Parent–Child dysfunctional interaction, KPSS Kansas Parenting Satisfaction Scale, KPSS total KPSS total parenting satisfaction
  2. * Significant at p < 0.05, *** significant at p < 0.001