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Table 1 Classification of abuse and neglect along the sum scores of the subscales

From: Assessing childhood maltreatment on the population level in Germany: findings and methodological challenges

  Classification according to Bernstein [8] Classification according to Walker [10]
None to minimal Slight to moderate Moderate to severe Severe to extreme
Emotional abuse 5–8 9–12 13–15 16–25 10–25
Physical abuse 5–7 8–9 10–12 13–25 8–25
Sexual abuse 5 6–7 8–12 13–25 8–25
Emotional neglect 5–9 10–14 15–17 18–25 15–25
Physical neglect 5–7 8–9 10–12 13–25 8–25