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Table 2 Abused children’s IQ and behavior problems (n = 265)

From: Cognitive and behavioral risk factors for child physical abuse among Chinese children: a multiple-informant study

  PIQ VIQ S_EXTER M_EXTER T_EXTER S_INTER M_INTER T_INTER
Maternal minor physical abuse
 Yes 105.30 ± 11.64 100.77 ± 11.48 50.92 ± 10.25 51.31 ± 9.36 50.23 ± 8.74 49.99 ± 10.60 51.20 ± 10.89 50.54 ± 10.44
 No 106.71 ± 12.62 101.30 ± 11.40 47.85 ± 8.76 48.35 ± 7.97 49.56 ± 7.84 47.58 ± 9.31 48.62 ± 8.80 50.64 ± 10.16
 Cohen’s d 0.12 0.05 0.32* 0.34* 0.08 0.24 0.26 0.01
Paternal minor physical abuse
 Yes 105.327 ± 11.83 100.29 ± 11.44 49.31 ± 10.09 51.69 ± 9.52 49.61 ± 8.54 48.73 ± 9.94 51.65 ± 9.00 49.77 ± 9.62
 No 106.23 ± 12.11 101.36 ± 11.33 49.49 ± 9.37 48.50 ± 8.00 50.19 ± 8.16 48.92 ± 10.17 48.72 ± 10.93 51.30 ± 10.80
 Cohen’s d 0.08 0.09 0.02 0.37* 0.07 0.02 0.30 0.15
Maternal severe physical abuse
 Yes 103.24 ± 12.52 99.74 ± 11.60 50.96 ± 9.82 51.35 ± 8.75 51.85 ± 10.20 50.96 ± 11.59 50.59 ± 9.70 52.50 ± 9.25
 No 106.93 ± 11.91 101.47 ± 11.37 48.84 ± 9.53 49.31 ± 8.77 49.25 ± 7.50 48.05 ± 9.36 49.66 ± 10.05 49.96 ± 12.78
 Cohen’s d 0.31 0.15 0.22 0.23 0.32 0.29 0.09 0.25
Paternal severe physical abuse
 Yes 106.19 ± 12.09 101.05 ± 11.73 49.21 ± 9.03 52.32 ± 9.69 52.16 ± 10.40 48.82 ± 9.92 51.63 ± 10.63 52.23 ± 12.02
 No 105.96 ± 12.19 101.03 ± 11.35 49.42 ± 9.83 49.03 ± 8.37 49.19 ± 7.41 48.76 ± 10.07 49.35 ± 9.69 50.08 ± 9.65
 Cohen’s d 0.02 0.001 0.02 0.38* 0.36 0.007 0.23 0.21
  1. PIQ performance intelligence quotient; VIQ verbal intelligence quotient; S_EXTER child self-report externalizing behavior; M_EXTER mother-report externalizing behavior; T_EXTER teacher-report externalizing behavior; S_INTER child self-report internalizing behavior; M_INTER mother-report internalizing behavior; T_INTER teacher-report internalizing behavior
  2. p < 0.05; * p < 0.0125